LiVI NGSTON JOHNSON
Baptist Book Department
Board of Missions
Baptist State Convention
R. L. Middleton, Manager
Raleigh, N. C.
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My Beloved Wife, Whose Unwavering Faith,
Earnest Prayers, and Unselfish Devotion
Have Strenglhened Me in
Many a Darli Hour,
My Friends and Fellow Workers
The Faithful Missionaries of the State Board
This Little Book
Is Affectionately Dedicated
JSTo book has ever been written on our State
Mission work in ISTorth Carolina. All tbe liter-
ature on tbe subject is contained in the annual
reports of the Board to the Convention, and in
tracts and newspaper articles.
The need of a more comprehensive treatment
of State Missions than could be given in tracts
and newspaper articles^ has been felt for many
years. In 1911 the Board authorized me to pre-
pare and publish a book on J^orth Carolina State
Missions, if I deemed it wise, and could find time
to do so. As I feared it would be a heavy financial
burden on the Board, I did not do the work.
Our Baptist Schools are arranging to introduce
a Mission Study Course, and they have wisely de-
cided that no such course would be complete that
did not include State Missions. For several
years the Woman's Missionary Societies have
been anxious for something they could use in their
meetings, that would give them a more intelligent
idea of State Mission work. The B. Y. P. U. has
Missions as part of its study course.
I was requested by the Executive Committee of
the State Board of Missions in the year 1914 to
write a small book, containing nine chapters, to be
used by the Schools, Missionary Societies, Baptist
Young People's Unions, and for general reading.
The Executive Committee, in authorizing this
work, acted upon the instruction of tlie Board
three years earlier, which action had not been an-
When I began the task, the material was so
abundant, that the difficulty by which I was con-
fronted, was not to find something to put in the
book, but to decide what to leave out. To have
given some account of the work of those who have
gone before, and into whose labors we of the
present day have entered, would have been, I
think, both interesting and profitable to the read-
ers, and the temptation to enter this inviting
field, was great ; but that would have made neces-
sary a book too large for the present purpose.
I wish to acknowledge valuable aid received
from Mr. Padelford's excellent book, "The Com-
monwealths and the Kingdom,'' which treats of
mission work in the l^Torthern States. I am also in-
debted to the Manufacturers' Record for impor-
tant facts and figures concerning the industrial
and agricultural progress of the State. Dr. J. D.
Hufham, in the North Carolina Historical Papers,
furnishes important data in regard to our pre-
As to literary style no pretensions are made.
The work has been done in a fragmentary and
unsatisfactory way, at odd moments, snatched
from hours crowded with regular daily duties.
The only chapter that was written without inter-
ruption, was written on a train. I have tried
to tell in a plain, straight-forward, simple way,
a brief story of our State Mission work. It
is the story, and not tlie style in which it is told,
about which I am chiefly concerned. The reader
is requested to give especial attention to chapters
three, six and seven. Read the whole hook if pos-
sible, but if you think you have not the time for
that, read with great care, the three chapters
This little book is sent forth with the earnest
prayer that it may awaken in the hearts of all
who read it a deeper interest in State Missions —
that department of our work which has done so
much for I^orth Carolina, the State in which the
author was born, and which he loves as he does no
other part of the green earth.
Raleigh, K C.
Chapter I — Beginning of Things 11
Chapter II — Organized Work 26
Chapter III — Marks Along the Way 39
Chapter IV — Our Country Church Problem 54
Chapter V — The Town Church Problem 67
Chapter VI : — Some Results of State Mission
Chapter VII —The Task Before Us 94
Chapter VIII — Our Mission Wheel 109
Chapter IX, — Appeal to Patriotism 122
BECTNMNG OF THINGS
JSTear the beginning of tlie last century there
was a great awakening on the subject of Missions,
in England and America.
The Awakening in England.
William Carey, the "Consecrated Cobbler,"
studied the map of the world, while working at
his humble trade. The condition of the heathen
nations bore heavily upon his heart. The more
he studied his map, the more deeply interested
he became, until at last the overwhelming convic-
tion possessed him that he must go as a messen-
ger of life and light to the benighted people of
India. He began to preach missions to the Bap-
tists of England. Eor awhile they turned a deaf
ear to his burning messages, but at last some
interest was awakened in a few earnest, sympa-
thetic hearts, which resulted in the organization
of a missionary society. Thirteen members were
enrolled at the organization of the Society, and
these subscribed one pound each ($5.00) making
a total of $65.00, for the support of Carey. Simi-
lar societies were organized in different parts of
The Fires Reach America.
ISTews of the Missionary awakening and the
formation of Missionary Societies, came across
the Atlantic. The story of Carey's trials stirred
12 Christian Statesmanship
a few devout souls on this side of tlie water, and
they desired to have part in the great work to
which he had consecrated his life. Consequently
Missionary Societies were formed at a few places
in this country.
A great revival of religion swept over the coun-
try at the close of the 18th century. In the midst
of this revival, news came of the organization of
the first Missionary Society in England, and Wil-
liam Carey's going out as a missionary to India.
Letters from Carey were read with great inter-
est, and the first society in America was organized
in Boston on May 26, 1802. This missionary en-
terprise in America was bom in a great revival.
It has ever been true that missionary fervor in a
church is accompanied by spiritual life and
It was soon apparent, however, that to accom-
plish anything worth while in Foreign Mission
work, there must be an adequate base of supplies.
The very fact that the Baptists of this country
were called upon to aid in the Foreign Mission
enterprise, revealed the great destitution that ex-
isted in our own country, and the need of mission
work here at home. Baptists were few in num-
ber. There were vast sections of unoccupied ter-
ritory. It was evident that our own country must
be evangelized before we could hope to make much
headway in the evangelization of the regions be-
yond. And so this first Missionary Society sent
out missionaries to all parts of the United States
Beginning of Things 13
There were a few who felt the responsibility of
giving the gospel to lost men at home and abroad.
The spasmodic efforts on the part of some of the
churches and associations, did not meet the con-
victions of these men, nor the demands of the rap-
idly expanding nation. They saw that some or-
ganized effort must be made to reach the multi-
tudes who were scattering over the sparsely set-
tled country. Some of the members of the Bos-
ton churches felt that the time for aggressive
action was at hand. They sent out a circular
letter to the churches in Massachusetts and Rhode
Island, proposing to form a general Missionary
Society which should cover several States. This
agitation caused missionary interest to spread
from State to State, and State Missionary Socie-
ties were organized.
In 1799 the Bowdoin Association of Maine was
known as the "Gospel Mission." This became
the Maine Baptist Missionary Society in 1804.
In 1807 representatives from the churches in
the two central associations of JSTew York organ-
ized the Lake Baptist Missionary Society. It
was so named because they intended to direct
their missionary efforts to the "Lake Country."
Societies followed in Connecticut, 'New Hamp-
shire, l^ew Jersey and Pennsylvania. These
Societies were afterward changed into State Con-
ventions. In nearly every State where Baptist
forces were organized, a missionary society pre-
ceded a State Convention. The Baptist State
Convention of New York was formed in 1821.
14 Christian Statesmanship
This was the first Baptist State Convention to be
organized. From then until 1847 conventions
were formed in the ISTorth and West.
In I^orth Carolina.
Mention has been made of missionary beginnings
in the ^orth^ to show that this movement was
simultaneous throughout the country, and that the
methods of development were much the same.
When we remember that Baptists have no gen-
eral legislative bodies, and no uniform rules,
which are binding upon the local churches, each
local church being independent of every other
local church, and managing its own affairs, it is
remarkable that there was such uniformity in
their methods of work. In all probability mis-
sionaries, going from one state to another, intro-
duced the methods that were in operation in th^
states sending them out.
In ISTorth Carolina the beginning of things was
very much as it was in Maine, and was almost
contemporaneous with that of Maine. In the
North Carolina Historical Papers, Dr. Hufham
says that under the leadership of Martin Ross, and
others like-minded with him, the Kehukee Asso-
ciation organized a Missionary Society at Wind-
sor, in Bertie County, in 1805.
Work of Individuals.
Prior to this time mission work was done in dif-
ferent sections of the State by individuals whose
hearts were moved by the destitution surround-
Beginning of Things 15
ing tliein and who, at their own charges, largely,
went from community to community, preaching
the Gospel. Shubal Stearns, Daniel Marshall,
William Sojourner, Paul Palmer, and others, are
names that hold a deservedly conspicuous place
in J^orth Carolina Baptist history. There is one
whose name is not so well known, and yet he did
a work down in the southeastern section of the
State, which will last as long as time endures.
This man was a young Scotchman, by the name
He was reared under Presbyterian influence.
When quite a young man, while listening to a ser-
mon by a Baptist preacher, he was convicted of
sin, and before the visiting preacher left the com-
munity, was led to Christ. Upon taking his
leave the minister advised young White to read
his ISTew Testament carefully and prayerfully,
and follow its teachings. White took this advice
and was convinced that a Baptist church was
the place for him. There was no Baptist church
in his section of the country, but this conscien-
tious young Scotchman could not join a church
of another faith, and in company with some
young men who had studied the I^ew Testament
with him, he walked a hundred miles to receive
baptism according to the teachings of the 'New
The young man was called to preach the Gos-
pel. He married a Miss Katherine Campbell,
16 Christian Statesmanship
whose father belonged to the celebrated Camp-
bell Clan. Miss Campbell was a young woman of
culture. Her father had a considerable amount
of property. The young preacher knew that a
good many had gone from his country to Amer-
ica and he felt impressed to cross the ocean (a
great undertaking in that day) and preach to his
countrymen the truth, as he held it. His wife,
at first, objected, but finally was providentially
led to see that it was her duty to yield to the
wishes of her husband.- Turning their backs
upon "Bonnie Scotland," never to see it any
more, they set sail for America, and, after a
stormy voyage, reached Wilmington, !N"orth Caro-
lina in 1807.
Mr. White first located at Society Hill, South
Carolina, where he was greatly beloved by his
people. He was not satisfied, however, as he felt
that his mission was to his countrymen who had
come to America. Learning that there was a
colony of Scotch people in Richmond (now Scot-
I'and) County in ISTorth Carolina, he resigned the
pastorate of the Society Hill Church, much to
the regret of his people, and came over into Eich-
mond County. Land was very cheap, and with
some money given his wife by her father they
bought a farm, and built a modest home.
Mrs. White looked after the farm and reared
the children, while her consecrated husband, a
self-appointed, and self-supported missionary,
went from Richmond, through Robeson, Bladen,
Sampson, Duplin and 'New Hanover Counties,
North Carolina State Library
Beginning of Thvngs 17
preacliing tlae Gospel and organizing churches.
He had no Convention behind him, for there was
no Convention; he was not a missionary of the
Board, for there was no Board. He went out
alone, trusting in God, and sowing the seeds of
Gospel truth. On one of these missionary tours,
down in Pender County, he was taken sick sud-
denly, and died after a brief illness, at the home
of a Mr. Colville, a member of a Presbyterian
church, and was buried in the Colville graveyard
near the town of Atkinson. As the only means
of communication was a weekly mail, his good
wife did not hear of his death until after his
burial. She had a neat little slab made, and, in
company with a relative, she rode through the
country and put this simple stone at the head of
his lonely grave.
Such were the sacrifices of this pioneer in State
Mission work, and others who wrought in other
parts of the State. They labored, and we have
entered into their labors. Prom the seed which
they sowed in tears, we today, are reaping a rich
harvest. The work of these individuals prepared
the way for the formation of missionary societies.
At the session of the Chowan Association,
which was held at Sandy Run Church, May 5,
1809, Martin Ross introduced a resolution look-
ing to the formation of "a meeting for general
correspondence," to be composed of the Chowan
and neighboring associations. The meeting was
to have for its purpose "the dissemination and
acquisition of information upon religious topics."
18 Christian Statesmanship
A committee, of which Martin Eoss was chair-
man, was appointed to take the matter under ad-
visement, and report at the next meeting.
When the resolution was called for at the next
session of the Association, the committee, to which
Elder Dossey had been added, submitted the fol-
lowing : "Your committee beg leave to report a
disagreement to the partial and contracted plan
first under consideration ; and would warmly rec-
ommend that the meeting be so formed and con-
stituted, as to admit freely, and upon equal
grounds all the Baptist Associations in this State
similar, perhaps, to that formed, and now form-
ing, by the numerous Baptist Associations in the
State of Yirginia." This report was unanimously
adopted, and in 1811, at the Falls of Tar River,
near Rocky Mount, the General Meeting of Cor-
respondence was organized. ^
Two years later, news came to this country
that Judson and Rice, two Congregational Mis-
sionaries, had been converted to the Baptist
views and had been baptized. As they had
changed their demoninational relations they were
left, of course, without means of support. This
greatly stimulated interest in missions among the
societies in America. Luther Rice returned to
this country and visited many States in the inter-
est of Foreign Missions. He spoke at several
churches in l^orth Carolina. The Triennial Con-
vention, which embraced all the States ISTorth and
South, was organized in 1814. At the first ses-
sion of this Convention, which was held in 1817,
Beginning of Things 19
North Carolina led all the States except Massa-
chusetts, in its contributions to Foreign Missions.
Beginning of Trouble.
Things ran along smoothly until 1821. Before
this there had been no agents receiving salaries,
but at that time at a meeting of the J^orth Caro-
lina Baptist Missionary Society, which took the
place of the Meeting of General Correspondence,
there was a change of policy. Kobert T. Daniel
was appointed agent at a salary of $40.00 per
month, and others received $30.00 per month.
Their work was to organize local Missionary So-
cieties, which were to cooperate with the General
Missionary Society of the State. Many believed
that this multiplication of societies was unscrip-
tural, and that it interfered with the local church,
any encroachment upon whose authority Baptists
have always strongly resisted. There was also ob-
jection made to the payment of salaries, as, to
the minds of many, it indicated a mercenary
These troubles were not confined to ISTorth
Carolina, but seem to have prevailed throughout
the entire country, ISTorth and South, In his very
informing little book, "The Commonwealths and
the Kingdom," Mr. Padelford says that the
churches strongly suspected that these State So-
cieties, or Conventions, would seek to usurp the
authority of the local churches, and for that rea-
son it was very hard to secure their cooperation.
This clause was found in many of the constitu-
20 Christian Statesmanship
tions of the JSTorthern Conventions: "This Con-
vention shall never possess a single attribute of
power or authority over any church or associa-
tion whatever.'' "This declaration/' says Mr.
Padelford, "very clearly reflects the jealousy with
which the fathers guarded the independence of
the local church. When State Conventions were
first proposed, there was fear in many quarters
that the new organization might jeopardize that
independence. When the 'New York Convention
was organized in 182 1, only five of the seventeen
associations sent their accredited delegates to
It will be remembered that this was the very
year (1821) that the anti-organization sentiment
began to manifest itself in IN^orth Carolina. In
1829 the ISTew Jersey Convention was organized.
Of the fifty-five churches in the State only twenty-
six could be depended on for any real coopera-
N^ow let us come back to ISTorth Carolina : The
leader of those who opposed the organized work
was Joshua Lawrence, a man of considerable
ability and influence, while the organization
forces were led by Martin Eoss. J'or three
years the controversy raged, and sometimes it
was quite bitter. The very name "Missionary
Society" aroused, to white heat, the prejudice of
those who were opposed to the organized work.
The ]N'orthern States, beginning with ISTew York
in 1821, were, one after another, changing their
Missionary Societies into State Conventions.
Beginning of Things 21
Ross had such a change in mind, for at the ses-
sion of the Chowan Association in 1826, by mo-
tion of Martin Ross, a committee consisting of
Ross, Meredith, E^ewborn, Jordan and Hall, was
appointed "to correspond with the associations of
the State, with a view to forming a State Conven-
tion, and report at the next meeting."
Soon after the meeting of the Association Mar-
tin Ross died. At the session of 1827 the com-
mittee reported that nothing had been done, and
on motion, they were discharged. It was not
long, however, before the dream of Martin Ross
was realized. In 1830, in the town of Greenville,
the Baptist State Convention was born. That
epoch-making event will be considered in the next
Those who opposed the organized work were
in the majority. Dr. Hufham says, "There could
no longer be any doubt as to the meaning and
intent of a majority of the body. It had sepa-
rated itself from the great body of the denomi-
nation in the State, and set itself to drive from
its fold all those who believed in laboring and
giving for the ^furtherance of the Gospel.' Of
course, thus isolated from the movements and
tendencies of the age, there could be no expan-
sion from within, no increase from without. Af-
ter eighty years the body is scarcely stronger
numerically, and is certainly weaker in all the
elements of intellectual and spiritual life." This
22 Christian Statesmanship
denomination is known variously as "Primitive/'
"Anti-Missionary" and "Hardshell" Baptists.
The Missionary Baptists, on the other hand,
have grown from fifteen thousand, when the divi-
sion took place, to over four hundred thousand.
The blessings of the Lord have been abundantly
bestowed upon those who sought to spread his
name over the earth. Their growth has been
phenomenal, their number has doubled every
Relation of This General History to State
This little book is not to be a history, except
as some of the results of State Mission work,
which shall be given, may be considered history ;
but the author deemed it worth while to devote
this first chapter to a general survey of condi-
tions throughout the country just before the Bap-
tists began to organize for work. It is necessary
to get this setting to be prepared to see order
coming out of chaos. We find a great nebulous
mass assuming definite shape; a multitude of raw
recruits forming themselves into a militant army.
The history reveals the fact that the same diffi-
culties confronted the Baptists in the different
sections of the country, and that they worked
along the same lines in solving their problems.
This created a strong bond of brotherhood be-
tween the Baptists of the whole country.
Another thing we see, too, is the guiding hand
of God. Tidings of "William Carey's departure
Beginning of Things 23
for India, as a missionary, awakened an inter-
est in Foreign Missions among the Baptists of
America; and that interest was deepened by the
stories of his sacrifices and sufferings. Then
suddenly and unexpectedly God threw upon
American Baptists the support of Judson and
Rice. Something must be done, and that speed-
ily, to provide for these men whose support, in
the providence of God, had been transferred
from the Congregationalists to the Baptists of
America. An attempt was made to organize
Missionary Societies, but the unwillingness on
the part of a large majority of the churches to
cooperate, revealed to the leaders in this impor-
tant movement, the necessity for doing mission
work among the churches at home. And so we
have the beginning of State Mission work. God
was leading on. From the little local Missionary
Society came the State Society, and out of that
grew the Baptist State Convention. The fathers
started out to do the Lord's work like Abraham,
not knowing whither they were going; but they
looked to God to lead them and they were not
disappointed. We have but to read this story
to be convinced of that fact.
Those who made this glorious history were
of heroic mold. The eyes of him are holden,
who fails to see that they were men of dauntless
courage, unwavering faith, sacrificing spirit, and
filled with that ^Visdom that cometh down from
above." If we get these stirring events firmly
fixed in our minds, we can better understand the
24 Christian Statesmanship
spirit of tlie fourteen brave souls who met in
Greenville in 1830, and organized the Conven-
Growing out of such conditions as we have
considered, came the I^orth Carolina Baptist
State Convention, and in such an atmosphere the
organized work of State Missions was begun.
1. When did the mission awakening occur?
2. What was the immediate cause of this
3. Where did it begin?
4. What kind of organizations were effected
for the support of Foreign Missionaries?
5. Did the interest in Missions reach as far
6. When and where was the first Missionary
Society in America formed?
T. What Missionaries went out from America
not long after Carey went from England?
8. To what denomination did they belong?
9. How did they become Baptists?
10. What has all this to do with State Mis-
11. What organizations supplanted the Mis-
sionary Societies in the several states in this
12. In what State and on what date was the
first State Convention organized?
Beginning of Things 25
13. Was there any State Mission work done in
l^ortli Carolina before tlie organization of the
14. By whom and how was it done ?
15. Tell something of the conversion and work
of Daniel White.
16. Who first suggested the formation of a
State Convention in ITorth Carolina?
17. When did trouble begin among the Bap-
tists of this State?
18. About what was there division of senti-
19. Was this confined to J^orth Carolina?
20. Who was the leader of the organization
21. Who led those who opposed organization?
The Baptist State Convention was organized
in tlie town of Greenville, March 26, 1830.
The two primary objects the brethren had in
mind in the organization of the Convention,
were the evangelization of our State, and the
education of our young preachers. The fact that
our people were called on to aid in the support of
Foreign Missions caused them to examine into the
base of supplies. This examination revealed to
them the necessity of strengthening the churches
that were in existence, and of planting new
churches where they were needed; this, of course,
was State Mission work. They saw, at the very
outset, that not much headway could be made in
the way of developing the churches without an
educated ministry, hence their interest in Minis-
Meredith's Great Letter.
Thomas Meredith was instructed to write a
circular letter to be published in the minutes.
The letter covers over fifteen pages of fine print.
It is a great denominational document, written
by a Christian statesman, and, as a literary pro-
duction, it is doubtful if it has been equaled by
any paper presented to the Convention since.
The letter sets forth the proposed work of the
Convention, and appeals to the associations and
Organized Work 27
churches to ally themselves with the Convention,
and cooperate in carrying out its purposes. Ob-
jections likely to be urged against the mission-
ary and educational program of the Convention
are ansv^ered. To those v^ho should decide to
cooperate with the Convention, a warm, Chris-
tian welcome is assured; but heavenly defiance
is hurled at any who should determine to stand
in the way and seek to obstruct the Convention
in its forward movement. Here is a paragraph
addressed to those who opposed the organized
"And we would first speak to those who op-
pose our measures. Brethren, you who are averse
to State Conventions, and to Missions, and to
Educational Societies, and who have carried your
hostility so far as even to threaten with excom-
munication, those of your church members who
dare to think and act differently from yourselves
in these matters, we wish it distinctly understood
that we have no quarrel with you of any kind.
We neither dislike nor envy you, nor do we de-
spise you, nor yet do we fear you; we regard
you as Christians, as Baptists, and as Brethren,
but we consider you sadly mistaken, and we sin-
cerely regret the loss of your services in the im-
portant and interesting work before us. When
we earnestly plead our arguments in favor of
what we do, and patiently consider the objec-
tions which you urge against us, we do this, not
for the purpose of justifying ourselves, nor yet
for the purpose of justifying the cause which we
28 Christian Statesmanship
advocate, but for the sole purpose of correcting
your mistake, of reclaiming you from error, and
of enlisting your services in the cause of the
Redeemer in general, and in that of the denomina-
tion in particular. And we desire you further to
understand, that we shall go on with our under-
taking, whether you aid us or oppose us. You
may misrepresent our intentions, if you choose,
you may impugn our reputations, and you may
conflict with our movements; but you cannot in-
jure us, nor can you prevent the accomplishment
of our plans. The improvement of the Ministry,
and of the churches of the Baptist denomination
in J^orth Carolina will be effected, and by the
means proposed, either sooner or later."
It must not be forgotten that there was a very
sharp division just before the organization of
the Convention, between those who favored and
those who opposed, the organized work. We
would class them to-day as "progressives" and
"reactionaries." The discussion was very ear-
nest, and, sometimes, bitter. This must be kept in
mind, in order to understand the occasion for the
strong, courageous expressions in the above para-
The First Machinery.
Eighteen brethren were named as a Board of
Directors. These were to have charge of the mis-
sion work which the convention decided upon, at
Rev. Samuel Wait was elected as the first Gen-
eral Agent. He was paid a small salary. His
Organized Work 29
duties were similar to those now performed by the
Corresponding Secretary. Indeed, after several
years, the name of the office was changed from
General Agent to Corresponding Secretary.
At the second session of the Convention the
Board of Directors was changed to the Board of
Managers, under which name it continued for
several years, but was later changed to the State
Board of Missions. This Board had under its
care ministerial education, until the Board of
Education was created. When our denomination
began to do some Sunday School work in the
State, the name of the Board was changed to
the State Board of Missions and Sunday Schools,
under which name it still operates.
State Missions was at first called Home Mis-
sions. Indeed, it was so designated for more than
twenty-five years. In 1845 the Southern Baptist
Convention was organized, and the Home Mis-
sion Board was appointed. The work of this
Board was called Domestic Missions at first, but
later was changed to Home Missions. In order to
avoid confusion, the Convention changed the name
of our work to State Missions. The change of
name occurred many years ago, and still there are
some who think that Home Missions means mis-
sion work in our own State. The most serious
trouble produced by the confusion of names, is in
regard to our history. We should always keep in
mind the fact that there was no Home Mission
Board prior to 1845, and that all "Home Mission"
30 Christian Statesmanship
work done in the State before that date was really
State Mission work.
The State Board of Missions and Sunday
Schools, as at present organized, consists of eighty
members from the State at large and one repre-
sentative from each association. To the Board
is committed the important work of making ap-
propriations to the several mission fields. The
Board holds its meeting to make the annual ap-
propriations, as soon as possible after the meet-
ing of the Convention, in order that the fields
applying for aid may know what to depend
upon. A printed form of application is sent,
by the Corresponding Secretary, to any church,
or mission point which makes request for it.
These blanks must be filled out as accurately as
possible, passed upon by the church, and ap-
proved by the Executive Committee of the asso-
ciation in which the point asking aid is located.
A solemn responsibility rests upon the Associa-
tional Executive Committees, for the Board must
be guided, in large measure, by the advice of
these committees, in deciding as to the merits of
The Board must use its best judgment in mak-
ing appropriations, as the total amount asked for
is always in excess of the amount to be appropri-
ated. Sometimes mistakes are made, of course,
for the Board is not infallible ; but they are pains-
Organized Work SI
taking and conscientious in their work, and do the
very best they can, with the lights before them.
The Board appoints an Executive Committee
consisting of seven. This Committee holds
regular meetings at the close of each quarter,
and on special occasions at the call of the chair-
man. At each regular meeting they review the
work of the quarter, noting anything of special
interest contained in the reports of the mission-
aries. In cases of emergency, they are given,
by the Board, power to act for the Board. To
them is committed the appropriation of the
Church Building Fund, of which mention will
be made in a subsequent chapter. The Corre-
sponding Secretary has no authority to draw
vouchers for the payment of any funds, except
by order of the Board or the Executive Com-
mittee. Should any complication arise on any
mission field during the year, the chairman, at
the request of the Corresponding Secretary, calls
the Executive Committee to act as an advisory
There is also a Sunday School Committee, and
a Baptist Young People's Union Committee, both
appointed by the Board, to promote the interests
of these two departments. They sustain the same
relation to their respective departments that the
Executive Committee does to the general work of
the Board, except as to financial matters, all of
32 Christian Statesmanship
which, between the regular meetings of the Board,
are entrusted to the Executive Committee.
Officeks and Employees of the Board.
The officers of the Board are President and
Recording Secretary. The Board elects the as-
sistant to the Corresponding Secretary, Sunday
School Secretary, B. Y. P. U. Secretary, and
Enlistment Field Worker. The two last-named
were added to the force of workers in 1912. The
Corresponding Secretary, and the Treasurer are
'elected by the Convention and not by the Board.
The Treasurer handles all moneys given for the
regular benevolences of the Convention, except
contributions made to the Orphanage. That, like
our educational institutions, has a treasurer of its
The Corresponding Secretary of the Conven-
tion is charged with the administrative work of
the Board. He sends out commissions to the mis-
sionaries, receives and records their reports quar-
terly, is required to have general supervision of
the mission work, collects money for all our mis-
sion interests, and pays the missionaries by vouch-
ers drawn on the Treasurer. At the close of the
year the auditor goes carefully over all these
vouchers, and compares them with the returned
checks in the hands of the Treasurer, and the re-
ceipts as acknowledged in the Biblical Recorder
The Corresponding Secretary does field work
also. He visits the associations durinc, the asso-
Organized Work 33
ciational period, and at other seasons visits churcli-
es, attends mission institutes, and does as mucli
field work as possible in addition to his office
The work of those who are appointed by the
Board is not administrative, but missionary. The
assistant to the Secretary gives his time almost
exclusively to the western part of the State. He is
out on the field practically all the time, holding
institutes and presenting the mission objects, as
well as the interests of all our denominational
institutions. He is a general missionary, whose
field covers nearly half the State.
The Sunday School Secretary is a Sunday
School missionary. Our Sunday School work
has been lifted to a position of dignity and im-
portance, chiefly through the efforts of the Sunday
School Secretary. He holds Sunday School insti-
tutes, in which methods of organizing and conduct-
ing Sunday Schools are discussed. He conducts
schools for teacher training, in which he is as-
sisted by other field workers from the Sunday
School Board of the Southern Baptist Conven-
tion, whose .services are given without cost to
our Board. The Sunday School Secretary keeps
in touch with all the Sunday Schools in the State.
He gathers statistics, which are very valuable.
Through his efforts new schools are organized
every year, and many of those already in exist-
ence are made more efficient.
The Baptist Young People's Union Secretary
34 Christian Statesmanship
is doing an important mission work, that of train-
ing our young people for service. The B. Y. P.
U., as its name indicates, is a denominational
movement. As the Unions are now conducted, the
members meet for work. They have prescribed
courses of study, embracing doctrines and mis-
sions. In this day of lax doctrinal views, it is
necessary that our young people be made intelli-
gent as to doctrine. If we could have a B. Y. P.
Uo in every church, meeting weekly, to study
the doctrines of grace, our peculiar principles,
missions and methods of work, the influence upon
the future of our denominational life, no man
could measure. To organize Baptist Young Peo-
ple's Unions, and to foster and train those already
organized, is the work of the B. Y. P. U. Secre-
tary. He is a missionary to whom is committed
this important department of the Board's work.
The Enlistment Field Worher is a missionary.
He visits churches, upon invitation, and aids in the
formation of fields. He endeavors to introduce
some good financial system in the churches he
visits, and leads them in making a canvass of the
membership, for the purpose of securing, if pos-
sible, a pledge from every member, for missions
and pastoral support, the same to be paid in
weekly or monthly installments. When we re-
member that there are over three hundred
churches in the State which do not give a cent
to missions of any kind, and that not quite one-
third of our people are enlisted in the work of
Organized Worh 35
tlie Kingdom, we can see the great need of the
work of enlistment, which is being done in co-
operation with the Home Mission Board, the
two Boards sharing equally the expense of this
In the great Commission, the Lord commands
his people to make disciples, baptize them and
teach, or train, them; and the last is as much a
divine command as the others. The State Board
of Missions has put the emphasis upon the first
part of the Commission, but, until very recently,
has neglected, almost entirely, the work of train-
ing. We are now undertaking to make amends,
somewhat, for this neglect, by having mission-
aries for the several departments of training men-
tioned above. Those who doubt that this is mis-
sion work, should study the great Commission,
and see that training is an important part of the
Lord's last command.
Expense of Administratiois'.
It is entirely proper for those who take stock
in any enterprise to know how much is absorbed
by expense. If the management of any business
is believed to be extravagant, it is the duty of
those having stock to demand an investigation,
and require, from those in charge of affairs, a
full statement. It is even more obligatory upon
those who give to the Lord's cause to see that
the funds they contribute are faithfully and wisely
36 Christian Statesmanship
In the year 1913 tlie Baptists of J^orth Caro-
lina contributed to State Missions, $50,421.68.
The amount charged up to State Missions for
expense was $3,738.69, which is 7.4 per cent. For
Home and Foreign Missions combined we re-
ceived $89,027.50. The expense borne by these
two was $3,590.49, or 4.1 per cent of the total
amount contributed to these two objects. A little
calculation will show that 5.6 per cent covers
all expense. The budget of expense includes
salaries and traveling expenses of the Corre-
sponding Secretary of the Convention, and Corre-
sponding Secretary of the woman's work ; salaries
of the Treasurer, Recording Secretaries, audi-
tors and stenographers; office rent, postage and
printing. The salaries of Recording Secretaries
and Auditor, and the printing and distribution of
the minutes do not belong to the work of admin-
istration, and should not, therefore, be counted as
administrative expense. If these items were de-
ducted it would bring the expense of actual ad-
ministration down to 4.7 per cent. That is, of
every dollar that passes through the Treasurer's
hands, only 4.7 cents is used for expense of ad-
ministration, leaving 95.3 cents to go to missions.
Half the expense is borne by State Missions,
and the other half is divided proportionately be-
tween Home and Foreign Missions. Ours is a
State Board of Missions, not a State Mission
Board, and the interests of Home and Foreign
Missions are fostered as well as those of State
Organized Work 37
Missions. It is but just, therefore, tliat Home
and Foreign Missions bear part of the expense.
The Sunday School department, being self-sustain-
ing, is not included in the above.
The Board submits a full report of the year's
work to each session of the Convention. The
Treasurer's report gives a complete statement of
all moneys received and expended, and for what
the expenditures have been made. These reports
contain important information for the session
of the Convention to which they are submitted,
and will be very valuable, as history, in the com-
1. When and where was the Baptist State Con-
2. What two purposes did the brethren have
in mind in organizing the Convention?
3. What did the examination into the ^^base of
4. Who wrote a circular letter to the Baptists
of the State ?
5. At the first session of the Convention what
machinery was installed ?
6. What was State Missions first called ?
7. How many members has the present Board
8. Can you give, in brief, the method the Board
uses in making appropriations?
9. What is said of Associational Executive
38 Christian Statesmanship
10. JSTame tlie several departments of the Board.
11. What officers has the Board ?
12. How are the Corresponding Secretary and
13. What are the duties of the Corresponding
14. What are the duties of the Treasurer?
15. What are the duties of the assistant to the
Corresponding Secretary, Sunday School Secre-
tary, B. Y. P. U. Secretary and Enlistment Field
16. Are they administrative officers, or mis-
17. What is included in the budget of expense?
18. How is the expense divided?
19. What per cent of the total amount con-
tributed to missions is used for expense of admin-
istration ? ^^
MARKS ALONG THE WAY
If one who is climbing a mountain looks back
over a hundred yards of the distance that he has
come, the gain that he has made in altitude is
almost imperceptible ; but if the backward glance
reaches across a half-mile, the progress can be
So in our State Mission work, we cannot get
an adequate idea of what has been accomplised,
by the review of a single year. If we take the
past in periods of decades, or measure it by cer-
tain important events, which stand as marks
along the wayside, the work will come before us
as a whole, and we can get a much better con-
ception of what has been accomplished than we
could possibly get by letting each year Mand alone.
Some such review of the work as has just been
outlined, will be given in this chapter.
For the first fifty years of the Convention's
life, there is not much to show in the way of
visible results of State Mission effort, but no
more important work has ever been done than
that which was accomplished during the first half
century of the Board's existence.
When the railroad bridge which spans the
Mississippi River at Memphis, Tennessee, was
40 Christian Statesmanship
built, much time and money were spent in laying
the foundations down under the water, out of
sight. The super-structure, with the track over
which the trains pass, would not be there now
had not this work, which is invisible, been done
first. So for fifty years the Board wrought in
faith and patience, without being able to show
what they were doing; but on that foundation a
grand super-structure has been built.
The first thirty years were spent in getting the
associations to cooperate. Prejudice and igno-
rance had to be overcome, and it took ^line upon
line, precept upon precept," and year after year
to accomplish this task.
This time was not wasted. The brethren were
laying their plans with consummate wisdom, and
installing machinery which we are still using to
very great advantage. Wake Forest College and
the Biblical Recorder were brought into being,
because they were needed in the vast undertak-
ing of evangelizing the State and in preparing the
denomination to reach out to a lost world.
During this period of general preparatory work,
a few strategic points were occupied. The first
place to which an appropriation was made was
Wilmington. Then followed Raleigh, Charlotte,
Greensboro and Asheville. Missionaries were
placed at these points and churches organized.
Marks Aloiig the Way 41
From these centers tlie missionaries operated and
planted churches in smaller places.
Deeams and Visions.
These prophets of the olden time were con-
stantly planning for larger things. Many of our
modern enterprises are but realizations of their
early dreams. In 1835 a committee, of which
Thomas Meredith was chairman, recommended
the founding of a college of high grade for women.
Fifty years later, the school which bears the name
of Meredith was established.
They dreamed of an endowment for Wake
Forest College. They saw the importance of
taking aggressive measures for organizing and
fostering Sunday Schools. They longed to see
the Baptists of the State taking a deeper interest
in Foreign Missions. We are but carrying out the
work of enlistment, which they began in 1830.
They had visions of larger things. In 1859 they
resolved to make an effort "to raise twenty-five
cents a head for State Missions, and ten^ cents
a head for Ministerial Education." If now,
(1914) fifty- five years after that resolution was
adopted, we were raising the amounts they named,
we would receive this year $62,000 for State Mis-
sions, and $25,000 for Ministerial Education.
The deep and broad foundations laid, and the
magnificent scale on which the work was pro-
jected in that day of poverty and weakness, show
42 Christian Statesmanship
that tlie founders of the Convention were true
prophets, and mighty men of God.
Feuit Bearing Period.
Just about the time our State Mission work
was organized, and a force of missionaries put in
the field, the war between the states began, and
demoralization followed. After the war we passed
through the dark period of Reconstruction, from
which we did not begin to recover until well into
the seventies. In 1880 tabulated reports were
given of the work of the missionaries, and we
have made steady progress since.
Contributions were first made to State Mis-
sions (then known as Home Missions), Foreign
Missions and Ministerial Education. When the
Southern Baptist Convention was organized in
1845, and the Home Mission Board appointed,
Domestic Missions, as it was then called, was
added to the benevolent objects. In 1858 Home
Missions in ISTorth Carolina was changed to State
Missions, to avoid confusion, as the Southern
Baptist Convention changed the name of the Do-
mestic Mission Board to the Home Mission Board.
Perhaps the progress made can be shown in
no better way than by presenting a table indicat-
ing contributions by decades, to the objects to
which the Convention contributed in those early
days. Special attention is called to the sym-
metrical way in which the denomination made its
Marks Along the Way 43
. . $ 220.62
$ 174.06 M
1840. . . .
1890. . . .
, . . 12,348.31
. . . 18,530.14
. . . 41,428.46
. . . 50,421.68
iNTRODUCTioisr OF N^EW Featuees.
We shall now go back and note tlie introduc-
tion of new departments from time to time, as
the need for them became apparent, and sufficient
funds could be secured for their support.
The Woman's Central Committee was organ-
ized in 1877, for the purpose of aiding the few
Missionary Societies then in existence, in their
work, and of encouraging the organization of
other Societies. There was strenuous and suc-
cessful objection made to allowing the Central
Committee to report their work to the Conven-
tion. This so discouraged the good women that
very little effort was made to revive the work
until 1887, at which time the Central Committee
was appointed by the Board, and a report of their
work was submitted to the Convention, through
the Board of Missions. This method of report-
ing to the Convention is still used. All funds
raised by the Woman's Missionary Societies are
sent to the Treasurer of the Convention, and the
church to which a society belongs, is given credit
for the same. The Societies contribute to the
44 Christian Statesmanship
three mission objects. They are also raising a
fund annually toward meeting the expenses of
their work. This fund is supplemented by an
appropriation from the Board.
The organization of the women is known as
the "Woman's Missionary Union, Auxiliary to
the Baptist Convention of l^orth Carolina/' and
it lives up to its name, as it has become a mighty
auxiliary in many important ways. The first
report of the Central Committee, made to the
Convention in 1887, shows the following amounts
raised: Foreign Missions, $654.17; State Mis-
sions, $115.33; Home Missions, $172.20; total,
$941.70. They raised for expenses that year,
$75.95, and contributed to other things, $69.25,
making a grand total of $1,010.95.
In 1913 the women reported for Foreign Mis-
sions, $18,249.54; Home Missions, $10,204.59;
State Missions, $10,566.65 ; Bible Fund, $130.32 ;
Expense Account, $517.86 ; making a total of
In chapter VI, mention is made of the Church
Building Fund, of the State Board of Missions.
This money is contributed by the Woman's Mis-
Sunday School Department.
Early in the history of the Convention a Sun-
day School Secretary was appointed, but was
forced to resign for lack of support. A Sunday
School Board was established, whose chronic con-
Marks Along the Way 45
dition was one of indebtedness. A book depart-
ment was added, which put the Sunday School
Board more deeply in debt. The name was
changed to Sunday School Association, but this
organization was short lived. In 1871 a Sunday
School Board was established, with the under-
standing that "it shall in no case be authorized
to impose any pecuniary obligation on the Con-
In 1871 Mr. John E. Kay was asked to take
charge of the affairs of the Sunday School Board,
and he succeeded in pulling it out of debt.
In 1887 the Board of Missions and the Sunday
School Board were consolidated under its present
name, "Board of Missions and Sunday Schools
of the Baptist State Convention." In 1891 Rev.
M. L. Kesler was elected Sunday School Secre-
tary, but resigned in a few months to enter the
pastorate. In 1896 Rev. B. "W. Spilman was
elected Sunday School Secretary. He carried the
work through its darkest days. Dr. Spilman is
recognized as one of the foremost Sunday School
experts in the country. His successors, in the
order of their election, have been T. I^Teil Johnson,
Hight C. Moore, and E. L. Middleton, the present
incumbent. At first practically all of the expense
of this department was paid out of State Mission
funds. Gradually the importance of the work was
seen and a better support given to it. In 1909, it
became self-sustaining. The Sunday School work
has grown in favor, and is now justly regarded
4:6 Christian Statesmanship
as a very important department of t^ie Board
Work Among the I^egroes.
The following section is taken from the report
of the Board of Missions, submitted to the ses-
sion of the Convention held in Greensboro, in
"It is proposed that four bodies, the Home
Mission Society of l^ew York, the Home Mission
Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, the
Baptist Convention of l^orth Carolina, and the
'Negro Baptist Convention, shall unite in the
work of evangelization of the colored people of
"This work has progressed so far as the em-
ployment of a general missionary for the State,
with three district missionaries in different parts
of the State, who are already in the field.
"It is expected that the expense of this work
for the first year will be borne equally by these
four bodies, and afterward that the proportion
of the Negro Convention shall be increased gradu-
ally until they will bear the greater part of the
Our Convention entered into this cooperative
work with the other three bodies. The arrange-
ment was continued through three periods of
three years each, making nine years in all. The
first year the appropriation by our Board to this
work was $950, and the amount was reduced
gradually year by year, $200 being the sum ap-
Marhs Along the Way 47
propriated the last year. This financial assistance
together with much personal aid by white minis-
isters and others in the institutes conducted for
N'egro preachers, was given at a time when the
JSTegroes needed it, and it was a blessing to the
white Baptists to give it. The nine years during
which this work was carried on covered the dark-
est period in the history of our State, since the
days of Reconstruction. The year 1898 will al-
ways be memorable because of the bitter race feel-
ing engendered by political discussions. In several
sections of the State there were race riots which
resulted in bloodshed. Through all this bitterness,
the feeling between the religious leaders of both
races was cordial and fraternal. The colored
preachers urged their people to exerci,se self-
restraint during the storm of political passion.
They assured them that the Christian white peo-
ple of the State were their friends, and had at
heart the good of the l^egroes. As evidence of
this they pointed to the fact that, in the midst
of political rancor, the Baptist State Board of
Missions had given thousands of dollars for mis-
sion work among the ISTegroes. There would, no
doubt, have been more riots and bloodshed, had it
not been for the influence of the religious leaders
among the IsTegroes.
While our colored brethren no longer ask our
aid they do desire the sympathy and encourage-
ment of their white brethren, and these we are
glad to give them. A fraternal messenger was
48 Christian Statesmanship.
sent from their Convention to ours in 1914, and
the president of our Convention was appointed
to bear the greetings of our Convention to the
Colored Convention at its next session.
Mountain School Work.
When Rev. John E. White graduated from
Wake Forest College, he was employed as princi-
pal of Mars Hill College. He became deeply in-
terested in the "People of the Hills." He saw
their possibilities, and was convinced that educa-
tion was their greatest need.
In 1895, Mr. White was elected Corresponding
Secretary of the Baptist State Convention. This
gave him an opportunity to become better ac-
quainted with the mountain section, and this ac-
quaintance confirmed and strengthened him in
the opinion that our denomination should do some-
thing for the development of the people of the
West, most of whom are Baptists.
In the report of the Board to the Convention
at the session 'held in Greenville in 1898, Secre-
tary White recommended that we aid the moun-
tain people in establishing and maintaining a
system of schools. This recommendation was
adopted, and Rev. A. E. Brown, of Asheville, was
elected by the Board as Assistant Secretary, with
the understanding that his time would be devoted
chiefly to promoting the interests of the mountain
schools. The attention of the Home Board was
called to this new undertaking, and it agreed to
Marks Along the Way 49
enter into cooperation with the State Board in
support of the Mountain Schools. The impor-
tance of this department became so manifest, and
the experiment in JSTorth Carolina so satisfactory,
that the Home Board, largely under the influence
of Dr. White, who had gone to Atlanta as pastor,
decided to enlarge its educational work, by tak-
ing in all the mountain section of the South. Dr.
A. E. Brown was elected by the Plome Board as
Superintendent of the Mountain School Depart-
ment, and our Convention, in 1904:, turned over
to the Home Board the Mountain School work
in this State.
It will be seen from the foregoing that the
system of Mountain Schools, which has become
such an important department of the Home
Board, had its beginning in the State Mission
Board of North Carolina, and our Board also
discovered and furnished to the Home Board the
man who has served, and is serving, so success-
fully as Superintendent of the Mountain School
The Layman's Movement was, at first, inter-
denominational, and, indeed, inter-denomina-
tional meetings are still held for their inspira-
tional value. It was discovered, however, that in
the application of the methods which were being
pressed by the Layman's Movement, more could
be accomplished along denominational lines. For
this reason, the leading denominations in the
50 Christian Statesmanship
State, and in the South, appointed Layman^s
Committees. At the session of the Convention
which was held in Wadesboro in 1909, a Layman's
Committe was appointed with Mr. J. H. Tucker
as chairman. The following year, Mr. Tucker
declined to act longer, as chairman, and Prof.
F. P. Tlobgood was elected to the position. After
three years of faithful service Prof. Hobgood de-
clined reelection, and Prof. Charles E. Brewer,
Ph.D., was chosen as chairman. The progress of
this work has been slow, but steady. The methods
which are being pressed by the Laymen's Move-
ment, are excellent, and if the Committee can
secure the cooperation of active laymen, and the
sympathy and assistance of the pastors, great im-
provement will follow in our financial methods.
Baptist Young People's Union.
At the session of 1912 the Convention in-
structed the Board to find and employ a suitable
man for Secretary of the Baptist Young People's
Union. Rev. Theodore B. Davis was engaged for
the position. He threw his whole heart into it,
and did excellent work. There were, however,
difficulties and discouragements innumerable.
There were some who did not appreciate the im-
portance of the B. Y. P. U. work, and others who
did not think it should be supported out of State
Mission funds. With all this opposition, it is not
surprising that Mr. Davis accepted a call to a
pastorate which offered opportunity for great
Marks Along the Way 51
The resignation of Mr. Davis caused the friends
of the B. Y. P. U. Movement to see that there
was danger of losing all that had been gained in
the organization of the young people. Stirring
speeches were made at the Convention, and a
recommendation of the Board, providing for the
continuance of the work, was adopted. Rev. J.
D. Moore was employed as B. Y. P. U. Secretary.
Co-OPERATION AND ENLISTMENT.
At the Convention in 1912, an arrangement
was entered into with the Home Mission Board
to do cooperative work in the way of enlisting
the churches that are not giving to the cause of
missions, and of securing a larger number of
contributors in the churches that are enlisted.
Rev. C. A. Upchurch was selected by the Board
as Enlistment Field Worker, his salary and ex-
penses to be paid jointly by the Home and State
Boards. In the preceding chapter the duties of
the Enlistment Field Worker were described. In
some cases Mr. Upchurch has personally con-
ducted an every member canvass, to demonstrate
how it can be done. In every instance where
such a canvass has been made, the number of con-
tributors has been greatly enlarged, and gratify-
ing increase made in pledges to missions and pas-
tor's salary. Another important feature of this
work is the formation of compact fields. The
Enlistment Field Worker takes pleasure in assist-
ing in the formation of such fields, when invited
1 3 ^
} :> ^ ) ' )
J J ' 5 >
to do so. The most effective work done by Mr.
Upchurcli lias been along this line.
This Year's Work.
Our work in the year 1914 was laid out on
a basis of $55,000. We have a hundred and
fifty-two missionaries, preaching at more than
three hundred churches and outstations, in forty-
six of the sixty-four associations. In addition
to the regular missionaries we are sustaining the
departments which have just been named, and
are giving $7,000 to aid in building houses of
worship on important mission fields in the State.
In a subsequent chapter the results of State
Mission work will be given in detail, but the
purpose here has been to take a general survey
of the Board's achievements from the organiza-
tion of the Convention down to the present time.
1. How can we best judge of the progress we
2. What was done during the first fifty years
of the Convention's life?
3. Can you name some important towns in
which churches were aided by the Board during
4. What were some of the dreams and visions
indulged in by the fathers?
5. When did we begin aggressive State Mission
work of which we have tabulated statements?
•'■■ ♦» • • »• ••»
Marks Along the Way 63
6. Wlien w^s tlie Southern Baptist Convention
7. Wlien and wliy was tlie name of mission
work in the State changed from Home to State
8. Give, if you can, the amounts contributed
by decades to the objects of the Convention from
its organization down to the present time.
9. When was the Woman's Work begun?
10. Tell something of its progress.
11. Tell something of the beginning and work
of the Sunday School department.
12. What about work among the I^egroes?
13. When did the Mountain School work
14. Tell something of the Layman's Move-
15. Give some account of the B. Y. P. U.
16. What is meant by Cooperation and En-
17. What is the basis upon which the Board
is operating this year (1914) ?
OUR COUNTRY CHURCH PROBLEM
Some one has recently said that the word yroh-
lem is greatly overworked; that the problem
solvers have an interminable task on their hands;
that problems are peculiar to no time or place,
as every country, every age and every day has
its problems. That every place and every day
has its problems is doubtless true; but this only
emphasizes the fact that we, in our day, have
problems which we must meet and to whose solu-
tion it behooves us to give earnest consideration.
Very material changes have taken place since
the organization of our Convention, and, indeed,
during the last decade. These changed conditions
have affected the life of our State at every point.
ITowhere, perhaps, have the effects been greater
or more important than in the religious condition
of our people. This is true of the whole South,
but this discussion will be confined to ITorth
The Country Church of the Olden Time.
When the Convention was organized and the
work of State Missions was begun, we had no
towns of any considerable size. Our strength
was in the country. This was the state of
affairs after the war. In those days the country
church was the center of the community life.
The country pastor lived among his people. He
Our Country Church Frohlem 55
owned his farm with its broad and productive
acres, and, in many instances, he owned slaves
who worked his land, so that he conld have time
for reading and study. He was, as a rule, the
best informed man in the community, and was
the social, intellectual and religious leader of his
people. He held up before them high ideals, and
by his exemplary life, impressed upon them the
importance of vital godliness. To them religion
was a very real thing, and the obligations of
church membership were not assumed lightly.
When one did take upon himself solemn responsi-
bility by becoming a member of a church, he did
so with the earnest determination to live up to
The weakest point in the country churches of
the olden time was that they did not know the
grace of giving. The pastor was not dependent
upon them for a support, and he did not instruct
them as to their duty in giving to support the
things of the Kingdom. And right here, until
this present day, is the fatal weakness of our
The Country Church of To-Day.
The country pastor of the olden time is gone,
many of the churches that were strong numeri-
cally and financially, have been weakened by
the removal of a large percentage of their mem-
bership to some nearby town. As a consequence,
some of them are unable to have preaching, if
the support of the pastor depends upon the mem-
66 Christian Statesmanship
bership. Take, as examples, conditions in two
Western states. "Last year there were 258 Bap-
tist churches in Minnesota, but 185 churches have
disbanded since 1859, and of those in existence
twenty-three are reported in a precarious condi-
tion. There are now 197 Baptist churches in
Wisconsin, but more have been buried than are
now in existence."
Conditions are not so bad here yet as in the
states just mentioned, but we are moving in that
direction, and we should take warning from these
states, and make an earnest effort to save our-
selves, while we may, from such a distressing
In JSTorth Carolina, as in other states, the farms
are being rapidly given over to tenants. So far
we are not troubled with the foreigner, but even
if the tenant be an American, he does not usually
take as much interest in the church and its work
as the owner of the land did. In the states men-
tioned above, the problem is made more complex
because a large per cent, of the tenants who oc-
cupy the farms are foreigners and very many
of them are Roman Catholics. So far we are
a homogeneous people, but the next generation will
have the foreign element to deal with.
Should We Allow These Churches to Die?
Of course the policy of the Mission Board is
to aid churches with the expectation that they shall
gain sufficient financial strength to stand alone,
but it will not do to make that an invariable rule.
Our Country Church Problem 57
It may be necessary to extend aid to some churches
without hope that they will ever make large
financial returns to the denomination. The
country church has made important contributions
to the Kingdom, other, and more valuable, than
money. It is the feeder of the town church. In
discussing the country church Mr. Padelford
says : '^One cause of its weakness, as we have
already noted, is that it is constantly giving of
its best life to the town and city churches. The
stability, aggressiveness and spiritual life of our
city churches, are largely augmented by the stream
of strong, pure, young life that flows from the
rural districts. A study of statistics reveals the
fact that the city churches could not possibly
maintain themselves by their baptismal increase,
but are dependent upon the members they receive
from the small churches to maintain their bal-
ance." He states further that it is estimated that
at least seventy-five per cent, of the men and
women of influence in the church and national
life, were reared in country homes, while eighty
per cent, of the preachers were furnished by the
country churches. Eemember Mr. Padelford is
speaking of N'orthern churches, in which section
they have large cities. In the South, especially
in I^orth Carolina, the figures would be more
largely in favor of the country church.
Difficulties in the Way of Development.
1. One of the chief obstacles is found in the
fact that it is very hard to induce the country
58 Christian Statesmanship
churches to form compact fields. They look upon
such a move as a surrender of their independence,
forgetting that interdependence may be recognized
without any suggestion of a surrender of inde-
pendence. It is impossible for any pastor to
develop a field comprising four churches all
remote from each other^ and the pastor's home
remote from them all. To call a man who
serves such a field, a pastor, is a misnomer.
He may be their preacher, but he cannot be their
pastor. A pastor is the shepherd of a flock, and
it is the duty of a shepherd to care for his flock
as well as to feed them. He needs to be at hand
to protect his sheep from danger, to lead them
back to the fold when they go astray, and to min-
ister to them when they are sick.
It would be a great blessing to any country
church to have a man with a shepherd's heart
living in their midst. This arrangement might be
made with comparatively little difficulty, if the
churches could only be brought to realize the im-
portance of it.
2. Another hindrance is once-a-month preach-
ing. A church may manage to exist, but it cannot
hope to make much, if any, progress, with once-a-
month preaching. Fewer than three hundred of
our churches have preaching oftener than once
a month, leaving over seventeen hundred with
once-a-month preaching. Is it any wonder that
we are not doing more to advance the Kingdom of
our Lord? There are hundreds of our country
churches which could have preaching every Sun-
Our Country Church Problem 59
day, and half of them might easily have preach-
ing twice a month. As was noted in the begin-
ning of this chapter, in the days when the coun-
try churches were strong and influential they
were not trained to support their pastors, and
they have never learned since.
A farm hand is worth a dollar a day. If he
works two hundred and fifty days in a year, he
will receive two hundred and fifty dollars for his
labor. A country church with a hundred mem-
bers, will have, say twenty families represented in
its membership. It would be a liberal estimate
to suppose that the average salary paid by
churches of this kind, for preaching once a month,
is two hundred dollars. One family in that
church will pay more for a farm hand than the
twenty families will pay to the one called of God
to minister to them in spiritual things ! Is it
strange that our country churches are growing
weaker and less efficient year by year? Is it sur-
prising that our children are drifting away
from the churches and are failing to take interest
in religious things, when their parents place
twenty times the value upon the labor of a farm
hand that they put upon the services of the pas-
tor of the church? Unless there is a radical and
speedy change at this point, our country churches
are going to lose out, and what of the religions
condition of the country children a generation
3. It is difiicult to secure strong, well equipped
men for country fields. Young men who have
60 Christian Statesmanship
spent years in preparation for the ministry are
in debt, as a rule, when they leave college or the
seminary. The country fields do not offer a sup-
port, to say nothing of school debts that must be
paid. Men in business or professional life can
afford to begin on a small salary. A lawyer, or
doctor, may not make expenses for the first two
or three years, but he can wait because he knows
a brighter day is coming by and by. When he
reaches the self-sustaining point, his income goes
on increasing for many years. In a few years
his debts are all paid, and he has a snug sum in-
vested against the day of old age.
The preacher, on the other hand, can never
hope to receive much, if any, more than enough
for an economical support. It is natural that he
should want to be relieved of his debts as soon
as possible, and when some town church calls
him at a salary on which he can live, and grad-
ually pay off his debts, he accepts the call and
goes to town.
Here, then, is the condition in which we find
a large percentage of our country churches :
Scattered fields, once-a-month preaching and sal-
aries inadequate for the support of strong, well-
equipped men. A suggestion or two, as to how
the evils referred to may be remedied, may not be
out of place.
Forming Compact Fields.
An earnest effort should be made to form com-
pact fields. This can be done if churches con-
Our Country Church Problem 61
tiguous to eacli other will agree to group them-
selves into fields, two, three, or four churches
forming a field. There should not be more than
two churches in a field, if these two can possibly
support a pastor. It will be found, however,
that if it is necessary for four churches to go
into a group at first, if they locate a pastor in
their midst, it will not be long before the field
will be able to support another pastor, giving two
churches to each. Building homes for pastor will
be a great aid in the formation of fields, and will
help to hold the churches together when the
fields are formed. If four churches unite in a
field and build a home for the pastor, and if the
field should develop sufficient liberality to divide
and support two men, two of the churches could
buy, from the other two, half interest in the
home, and, with the money thus obtained the new
field could soon have a home for its pastor.
Pastors whose fields overlap, can render very
effective aid in the formation of fields, by re-
signing any churches which are so located as to
properly belong in some other group. In taking
this step the pastor should endeavor to show his
people the great advantage that would come to
them in the formation of a field, occupied by a
resident pastor, and not supplied by an absentee
preacher who visits them once a month. This
might cause a few pastors to make temporary
sacrifices, but in the long run it would prove ad-
vantageous to the pastors, as many of the
churches would go from once-a-month to twice-a-
62 Christian Statesmanship
month preaching, and others to full time, thus
causing the formation of more fields. When such
progressive steps are taken, better pastoral sup-
port is sure to follow.
The State Board can be of service, too, by aiding
fields, as a demonstration of what can be done.
If a field is not able, at first, or is not sufficiently
developed in the grace of giving, to offer a support
to a strong, aggressive pastor, the Mission Board
could make no more wise expenditure than to
appropriate a small amount to the field to aid
them in securing the services of an efficient man.
It can be made clear to the field that this aid is to
be extended for a short time only, the amount to
be scaled each year, with the understanding that
the pastor must not suffer loss by the reduction on
the part of the Board, the field agreeing to in-
crease its part of the salary to make up the amount
by which the Board reduces its appropriation.
This method will not only bring that particular
field up to a self-sustaining basis, but it will
demonstrate to the surrounding churches the great
advantage of such an arrangement, and other fields
will be formed, as a result. The Board will be
glad to send the Enlistment Field Worker, to aid
in the formation of fields, if his services are de-
sired, and previous engagements will not prevent
The Heroic Spirit I^eeded.
Another thing needed in solving this problem,
is the heroic spirit on the part of our well-equipped
Our Country Church Prohlem 63
young preachers. Even if a country field pro-
vides a support, the idea prevails that it is not so
desirable, as a town church, as the latter offers a
greater opportunity for usefulness. It is perfectly
proper on the part of any man, to desire to spend
his life where it will count for most. The trouble
with the prevailing opinion, in this case, however,
is, that it does not seem to be justified by the facts.
In a battle, reinforcements are sent to the weak-
est points in the line. In the work of the Lord,
the greatest opportunity is usually found at the
place of greatest need. According to the govern-
ment census of 1910 the rural population of our
State was 1,887,813, or 85.6 per cent, while the
rural population of the whole country was only
53.7 per cent. In this enumeration a town with
less than 2,500 is classed with the rural population.
We would call such a place a city, but the propor-
tion holds, for this rule is applied to the whole
country. The proportion of our rural population
to the rural population of the whole country, is
that of 85 to 53.
Another thing we must remember is the fact that
more than half of the country people of ITorth
Carolina are Baptists, or under Baptist influence.
Our responsibility for the religious condition of
the country is more than twice as great as that of
all other denominations combined. If a town
church, which pays a living salary is without a
pastor, they have no trouble in securing one; but
the Macedonian cry goes up unheeded from a
number of important country fields. Many of our
64 Christian Statesmanship
country churclies are dying for lack of more
efficient leadership. What a marvelous oppor-
tunity is here offered for the development of the
latent possibilities in these country churches.
The Country Chuech a Plant Bed.
In his inspiring book^ ''The Commonwealths
and the Kingdom/' Mr. Padelford tells of one
little country church in Massachusetts supported
largely by the State Board, which sent out
twenty-nine preachers, and six of them found
their wives in its membership. One of the preach-
ers sent out was Rev. Amory Gale, the first gen-
eral missionary in Minnesota, and founder of the
Minnesota Baptist State Convention. The
church has also sent out a hundred and seventy-
five young men and women as teachers in public
schools. A city church in the same State reports
that two of its deacons, the superintendent of its
Sunday School, and four of the teachers, came
from this country church. This little mission
church, out in the open country, has but twenty-
eight resident members. At no time within the
last fifty years has it had more than fifty resident
members. Its largest membership nearly a cen-
tury ago, was one hundred and thirty.
Did it mean anything to be pastor of that little
mission church in the country? What town
church could have offered an opportunity for such
a fruitful pastorate? There are obscure country
churches in N'orth Carolina, whose history, if
known and written, would show results almost.
Our Country Church Problem 65
if not quite, as great; and there are churches by
the hundreds in our State to-day which, with the
right sort of leadership, would send out young
men and young women by the score, to fill places
of conspicuous usefulness in the Kingdom. This
is the call of the country church, with its unparal-
There are some comforts and conveniences in
the towns that are not found in the country; but
if one enters the ministry with the expectation
of finding ease and comfort, he is destined to
serious disappointment. We need strong men on
our mission fields more than anywhere else. A
call to mission work in China appeals to the
heroic, but there are mission fields in ISTorth
Carolina which offer greater opportunities, in
some respects, for the exhibition of a heroic spirit,
than are offered on any foreign field. The pastor
of the country church of to-day is pastor of the
town church of to-morrow, for, as we have already
seen, the towns are constantly drawing on the
rich young blood in the country.
1. What has created problems in the country
2. What can you say about the country church
of the olden time?
3. What of the country church of to-day?
4. What is the policy of the Mission Board in
aiding churches? '
66 Christian Statesmanship
6. Would it be wise to adhere rigidly to this
policy as to every church.?
6. How does mission work in the country
churches help the town church?
7. What are some of the difficulties in the way
of the development of country churches?
8. How can these difficulties be removed?
9. Why does the country church afford a great
10. What per cent of the people of the United
States live in the country?
11. What per cent of the people of IvTorth
Carolina live in the country?
12. What proportion of these are Baptists, or
under Baptist influence?
THE TOW]^ CHURCH PROBLEM
While we liave no large cities in ^orth Caro-
lina, there are several towns of considerable size,
and these are growing rapidly. ISTew towns are
springing up. There has been for several years
past, a movement from the country to the towns.
As was noted in the last chapter, this migration
to the towns constitutes a problem in the life of
the country church. It is also true that prob-
lems equally as grave have arisen in the town
church because of these changed conditions.
Some of the Problems of the Town" Chuech.
People who move from country to town find
themselves in an altogether different environment.
Fresh from the old country church with its sim-
ple and, to them, soulful worship, they do not feel
at home in the town church with its more stately
and elaborate forms of worship. They have been
accustomed, before and after the worship, to
stand around in the churchyard and engage in
friendly conversation. If a stranger drives up,
he is always met with a cordial welcome, and does
not leave the church ground without several in-
vitations to dinner. In a town church the people
go immediately into the house of worship, and
leave it almost as quickly, when the benediction
is pronounced. The country brother is spoken to
68 Christian Statesmanship
only by a few, and, in some instances, by none.
Tbose near whom be sits may not be members
of tbat cburcb, or, if tbey are, tbey may not kno^
tbat be is a stranger, wbo is lonely and beart
bungry for a word of Cbristian sympatby and
fellowsbip. He goes away feeling tbat tbe cburcb
is a spiritual refrigerator, filled witb pride, and
sadly lacking in tbe spirit of fraternity. Tbe
danger is tbat be will not attend witb sufficient
frequency, or regularity, to adjust bimself to tbe
new environment. If be attends cburcb at all,
be becomes a mere occasional visitor to a cburcb
of bis own denomination. Tbere are bundreds
of sucb Baptists in every town of any size, in
ISTortb Carolina. Many of tbese were regular at-
tendants upon, and useful members of, tbe old
country cburcb. Tbere is a serious leakage just
at tbis point. Here is an important field for
activity for tbe missionary and tbe mission
cburcb. Tbe mission cburcb is made up, largely,
of tbose wbo bave come in from tbe country or
from otber towns, and wbo, like tbe visitor to tbe
old town cburcb, are strangers in tbe town. Tbere
is a bond of sympatby wbicb tbey all recognize,
and by wbicb tbey are all drawn togetber. Tbe
additions by letter, reported by tbe missionaries,
every year are cbiefly from tbe class we bave been
considering. Many of tbese become useful mem-
bers of tbe new cburcb, wbo would, likely, be lost
altogetber to tbe denomination were it not for tbe
fact tbat a mission cburcb was planted near tbem.
The Town Church Problem 69
In every growing town there are suburban
residential sections. It is in the suburbs of our
growing towns and cities, that the State Mission
Board is doing it chief work to-day. These sub-
urban sections are becoming the most attractive
residential portions of our towns and cities. A
land company buys up a tract of land just on the
outskirts of a growing town. They spend a vast
sum of money in laying the land off in lots, pav-
ing the streets and sidewalks, and, in every way
possible, making the place beautiful and attrac-
tive. A few of the old residents, with a desire
to get away from the noise and dust of the city,
buy lots, build handsome homes upon them, and
move out. When strangers come to town pros-
pecting, the enterprising manager of the land
company takes them in his automobile to see "the
most desirable residential section in the whole
city." They are led to see it as he does, and buy
lots and build homes. There is a new community
built up in a little while, with every modern con-
venience except a church in which to worship.
There are difficulties in the way of establishing
a church in such a community. The residents
who moved out belong to the old church down
town, and are held to it by hallowed associations.
These, it must be granted, are mere sentimental
considerations, but sentiment has much to do with
our religion. Those who have but recently moved
into the city, do not feel as deeply interested in
the community as the old residents. And so be-
70 Christian Statesmanship
tween those wlio belong to, and are entirely satis-
fied with, the down-town church, and the new-
comers, who have not decided as to what church
relations they will form, a golden opportunity
may be lost forever, unless the State Board steps
into the breach and saves the situation.
It is difficult to estimate the importance of
planting churches in these stragetic points, and
at the opportune moment. The State Mission
Board should, in every way possible, offer encour-
agement to such an enterprise. With the money
and the moral influence given to it by the
denomination, it should aid in establishing
churches in these communities. These little sub-
urban churches may appear unimportant and
without influence now, but in many places they
hold the religious future of the town or city. It
may be that the new church will not be firmly
established until a generation of children who are
trained in its Sunday School, will find in it their
church home. That is the very spirit and genius
of State Missions. Its task always has been and
always will be, one of seed sowing.
The Doww-Town Church.
As yet there are but few places in our State
which are of sufficient size to thrust upon us the
problem of the down-town church. That is a
problem, however, in many cities in other states,
and we will be brought face to face with it here
in IsTorth Carolina, before long. By the "down-
town church" is meant a church in a locality
The Town Church Problem 71
which has become so congested with stores and
other business enterprises, as to be no longer de-
sirable as a residential section; consequently peo-
ple sell their homes and move out into the sub-
urbs, leaving the church surrounded by business
blocks and boarding houses. The mission church
in the suburbs is much more attractive now, as
well as more convenient, than the down-town
church. One by one the members of the down-
town church who live in the new community join
the little mission church, and it rapidly grows into
a strong city church. A magnificent house of
worship supplants the modest little building in
which the mission church began its useful career.
ITow the down-town church is left stranded, as
its wealthy and influential members have trans-
ferred their membership. Must it be left to die?
It is no longer in a residential section, but there
are more people living within easy reach of it
than ever before, and these people have immortal
souls. If they are to enjoy religious advan-
tages, these advantages must be given to them
through some mission agency. The problem with
us at the present moment is the suburban church,
but in the coming years it will be necessary for
our State Mission Board to transfer its base of
operation to the down-town sections of our great
cities of the future.
Cotton Mill Towns.
There are more cotton mills in ISTorth Carolina
than in any other State in the Union, except
72 Christian 8tates7nanship
Massachusetts. A cotton mill is built near an
old town, or in a country place near some rail-
road, which affords good transportation facilities.
A distinct community is built up around the mill.
In most cases the homes belong to the mill com-
pany, and are rented by the operatives. These
operatives are, as a rule, good, honest people, Avho
lived out on farms, but who, because of low prices
of farm products, which prevailed some years
ago, could not make a living on the farm. Many
of these families were connected with Baptist
churches out in the country. Here is an impor-
tant field for the Mission Board. These are our
people for the most part, for the simple reason
that we have more people living in the country
than all other denominations combined. We will
be unfaithful to our God and to these, our breth-
ren, if we do not aid them in providing and mjiin-
taining places of worship. From appropriations
to factory fields we cannot expect much in the
way of financial returns. These people are poor,
and their incomes are comparatively small. For
this reason a church in a cotton mill community
can never gain much in financial strength.
The mill operatives form a migratory habit. Re-
port reaches them that working hours are shorter
and wages higher in another mill community, and
hoping to improve their conditions, they move
from mill to mill. Because of these frequent
changes those who are members of a church do
not feel the deep interest in it and its work that
permanent residents would. But while the finan-
The Town Church Problem 73
cial returns are not great^ hundreds of souls are
led to Christ every year by the missionaries in
these churches, and thousands of children are re-
ceiving instruction every Sunday in their Sunday
Perhaps it will not be out of place to say that
the author's first pastorate was among cotton mill
operatives. He has never served a people since
who were more kind and appreciative. They en-
joyed hearing the gospel, and attended church
regularly. This was especially true of the church
which was composed entirely of cotton mill peo-
ple. While the salary was not large they paid
it promptly, and showed much kindness, in many
ways, to the inexperienced young pastor. Among
them were many of the Lord's jewels.
Another remark may be permitted here. The
writer found relations between employer and em-
ployees much better and more cordial than some
modern reformers would lead us to believe. Most
mill owners take a genuine interest in the welfare
of their operatives, and, on the other hand, most
operatives appreciate this interest on the part
of the employers. A wise missionary can do much
to strengthen this relation, and such a missionary
will find the mill owners, with very rare excep-
tions, ready and willing to cooperate with him
in everything looking to the uplift of the com-
munity. If, however, the missionary conceives
it to be his duty to become a labor agitator, he
will lose the sympathy and fail to secure the co-
operation of the mill owners, and work great in-
jury to the employees.
74 Christian Statesmanship
Much, complaint is heard nowadays about the
non-church-going element in our towns. This is
especially true of the Sunday evening worship,
and revival meetings during tlie week. Pastors
of town churches have taken note of the fact, and
it is a very serious one, that unconverted people
do not attend evangelistic meetings in the week.
How to reach the very ones for whose benefit
these meetings are held, is a vital question.
Business and pleasure are the chief obstacles in
the way of church attendance in the week. Mov-
ing picture shows have found their way to every
little town and hamlet, as well as to the larger
places. These are in operation in the larger
towns from two o-clock in the afternoon until
twelve o'clock at night, and in the smaller places
from eight o'clock until twelve o'clock at night.
While these shows are running more people attend
them than can be found in the churches at any or-
dinary week-night meeting.
In some of our larger towns, the Continental
Sabbath is getting a foothold. A park is built
near town, to v/hich the street car company runs
a line. This park is brightly illuminated, and
open-air amusements are given. ISTot satisfied
with a lucrative business six nights in the week,
the greed for gain leads those who have the man-
agement of these places to keep them open Sun-
day evenings. The punishment for the violation
of the law against Sabbath desecration is a mere
form, being only a fine of a dollar. Those whose
The Town Church Prohlem 75
love for money leads tliem to break the Sabbath
for ^^filthy lucre," will pay the fine, and make it
back a hundred times in one night. The throngs
which fill the parks on Sunday evenings in the
summer, tell the sad story of depleted churches
in the nearby town.
Chukches Losing Out.
It is not surprising, in face of the facts just
considered, that the churches are not holding their
own in our towns. This is not a pessimistic view,
but a plain statement of facts. That this condi-
tion is only temporary, we all hope, and we should
do our utmost to bring about a change. But let
us not shut our eyes to facts, no matter how un-
pleasant. We should face them squarely, and if
they show things to be wrong, we shall be in better
position to correct them.
Let us take the city of Greensboro, as an ex-
ample. This city is chosen because a more thor-
ough investigation has been made of religious con-
ditions there, than in any other place, perhaps, in
In January, 1914, a religious census was taken
which showed a net gain in church membership
during the preceding four years of 869, which is
14.6 per cent. According to a police census, which
was taken at the same time, the increase in the
population of the city was 5,000, or 31.5 per cent
in the four years. It is a generally admitted fact,
however, that, as a rule, a police enumeration is
larger than the actual figures, while church sta-
76 Christian Statesmanship
tistics frequently come under tlie actual enroll-
ment. It will be fair, perhaps, to take, as tlie
estimated gain in population for the last four
years, the ratio of increase made during the last
decade. That would put the gain in the popula-
tion of the city at 2,344, which is 23.2 per cent in
In the above police census white and colored
were included, while the religious figures related
only to the white churches. On the other hand,
the police enumeration was confined to the incor-
porate limits, while the religious figures include
the suburbs, with 10,000 people and eight or ten
churches. This would more than offset the ab-
sence of the figures showing the increase in mem-
bership among the I^egro churches, and would
make the percentage of increase in population, as
compared with growth in church membership,
There is this interesting and significant fact:
The percentage of Baptist gain was greater than
that of the total per cent, gained by the others.
Of the 869 net increase in church membership,
the increase in the membership of the Baptist
churches was 315, or 22.7 per cent. That is the
Baptists gained 8.1 per cent more than the per-
centage of gain of the others, and lacked just one-
half of one per cent of keeping up with, the
growth of population. This more rapid growth
on the part of the Baptists is due, in large meas-
ure, to the fact that a more vigorous and agressive
mission work has been done in Greensboro by the
The Town Church Problem 77
State Board of Missions, than by the Mission
Boards of other denominations. The greatest gain
among the Baptist churches was made by Forest
Avenue, which was organized, as a mission church
in 1906 with fewer than fifty members. This
church, with a membership of 251 in 1910, went to
326 in 1914, a net gain of 30 per cent in four years.
These conditions have been presented, and
these facts given, to show that the problem in our
towns is one of vital importance, and its solution,
judging from the figures given, depends largely
upon the wise and aggressive prosecution of State
Mission work. It may be said that the situation
in Greensboro is not very encouraging, as it has
been one of our most promising fields, and despite
this fact the growth of the churches is not keeping
pace with the increase of population. That is
true, but how much worse conditions would have
been, if we had not done the work that has been
done in Greensboro within the last ten years.
We have, then, a double problem: The deple-
tion of the country church by removals to the
towns, has created a problem in the country church
which calls for the assistance of the State Board
of Missions ; and the influx to the towns from the
country communities opens up a new problem in
the towns which, as we have seen, must be met by
the State Board.
1. What reasons have we to believe that we
shall have more and larger towns, in the near
78 Christian Statesmanship
2. How about the environment that one from
the country finds when he attends worship for the
first time in a town church ?
3. Why does the atmosphere differ?
4. What opinion does the new-comer frequently
form in regard to the members of the town
5. Is this a correct opinion?
6. What is the stranger's relation to the church
likely to be ?
7. How can the mission church render impor-
tant service to those who go from country to
8. What is said about the mission of the subur-
9. What about the down-town church?
10. State something about the religious condi-
tion of factory towns.
11. Why is it difficult to bring a church in a
cotton-mill town up to the self-sustaining point?
12. What should be the attitude of the pastor
of a cotton-mill church toward the millowners
13. What are some of the causes for non-attend-
ance upon the worship in town churches?
14. Are our town churches holding their own?
15. Give conditions in one city, and state the re-
sult of State Mission work in that city.
16. How have conditions created a double prob-
C < J .. -■ <:
^ t c v- I, t
SOME RESULTS OF STATE MISSION WOKK
There are many things that cannot be expressed
in cold type. The most important results of
State Mission work are spiritual, and cannot be
tabulated. E'ot until the accounts are all in, and
the books of Heaven are opened, can we know
all that God has accomplished through the agency
of State Missions. There are a few things, how-
ever, which we do know, and from these, though
they be less important than the unknown, we may
form some little conception of the marvelous re-
sults of State Mission work since the organiza-
tion of the Convention in 1830.
Some General Statements.
'No tabulated reports of the work on the field
were kept until 1880. These reports show that
from 1880 to 1914 the missionaries baptized 42,-
148 persons, organized 530 churches and com-
pleted 415 houses of worship. The discrepancy
between the number of churches organized, and
the number of houses of worship completed, can
be accounted for when we remember that a mis-
sion church frequently comes off the Board before
its house of worship is entirely completed, and, in
the tabulated reports, the number of houses of
worship in course of construction, is much larger
than the number completed. i
If we had full reports for the fifty years prior
80 Christian Statesmanship
to 1880, the figures would, no doubt, show from
sixty thousand to seventy-five thousand baptisms,
and a thousand churches organized.
In another part of this chapter it will be shown
that, as a rule, our most efficient churches are
those which have been organized by the Board.
That being true, the above figures show how
greatly State Missions has added to our denomi-
The six associations which lead the State in per
capita contributions, and the order in which they
stand, are as follows : Roanoke, Pee Dee, Cen-
tral, E'euse-Atlantic, Piedmont, Mecklenburg-
Cabarrus. The Roanoke, which leads, is the great
missionary territory of the State. In all these
associations, save the Central, the Board is doing
a vast amount of mission work.
The Tar River, in 1907, was the largest associa-
tion in the State. Within its bounds there were
one hundred churches, with 11,006 members. The
association contributed to the objects of the Con-
vention in 1907, $8,065.79. At the session of 1907
the association divided, the northern section re-
taining the old name, and the southern portion
adopting Roanoke as its name. Forty-nine
churches, with 4,460 members went into the new
organization, leaving fifty-one churches with 6,-
551 members in the old Tar River. The mother
association had a third more members and very
little mission territory; while our greatest destitu-
Some Results of State Mission Work 81
tion is within tlie bounds of the Roanoke. The
figures of 1913 give the Roanoke 58 churches, with
5,768 members, and the contributions to the objects
of the Convention reach $16,983.65. That is to
say, this association, comprising our greatest mis-
sion territory, added, in six years, nine churches,
and 1,308 members, an increase of 27 per cent;
and went forward in its contributions $13,330.33,
an advance of 366 per cent; and leads the State
in its per capita contributions. To be entirely
fair it should be said that the contributions for
1913 include $5,000 which was a special gift, but
if that be deducted the increase is $8,330.33, or
230 per cent in six years.
Take the N^euse- Atlantic which, in point of des-
titution, stands next to the Roanoke. During the
past six years the value of church property has
increased from $70,630 to $180,245. Contribu-
tions ran up from $5,689.04 to $8,419.67, and
church membership increased from 3,530 to
The Roanoke and the ISTeuse-Atlantic cover the
whole of fourteen counties, and a good part of
two others. Most of the destitution in the East
is embraced within the territory of these two asso-
ciations. The progress they have made within
the last few years, would seem to indicate that this
field is well worth cultivating.
Some Central Associations.
The great manufacturing section of the State
is covered by the Piedmont, the Pilot Mountain,
82 Christian Statesmanship
the South Yadkin and the Mecklenburg and Ca-
barrus. Greensboro, High Point and Keidsville
are in the Piedmont, Winston-Salem and Leaks-
ville in the Pilot Mountain, Salisbury and States-
ville in the South Yadkin, and Charlotte and Con-
cord in the Mecklenburg and Cabarrus. Every
church in each of the towns named was planted
by the State Board of Missions. Every church in
the Piedmont and South Yadkin Associations
has been aided by the Board. This is also true
of a large majority of the churches in the Pilot
Mountain and Mecklenburg and Cabarrus. All
this rich and rapidly developing territory was
held by other denominations, and the Baptists
could never have gained a footing had it not been
for the aid extended by the Board.
In 1914 we had in the territory covered by these
four associations 149 churches with 19,919 mem-
bers, and church property worth $618,995. That
year these churches contributed to benevolent ob-
jects $27,384.46. If no other material result
could be shown, this, alone, would justify all the
expenditures made by the Board during its exist-
There are (1914) in the State two thousand
churches. At least half of them have been organ-
ized by missionaries of the Board. In some sec-
tions of the State there are too many churches.
In these sections consolidation is needed far more
than multiplication of organizations. It has al-
Some Results of State Mission Work 83
ways been tlie policy of the Board not to establish
a church where one was not needed. This being
true it can be readily seen that the Board has
rendered valuable service in discouraging the
needless multiplication of churches. This accounts
in part, for the fact that churches established by
the Board are, as a rule, more efficient than those
which have never been beneficiaries of the Board.
The greater efficiency of these mission churches
is due, also, to their training. A printed form is
furnished by the Board, upon which application
must be made when aid is desired. Certain condi-
tions are stipulated, which must be agreed to by
the church in conference. The church must prom-
ise to pay a definite amount for the support of
the pastor, and to take collections regularly for
the objects of the Convention. The missionaries
are required to make full reports at the end of
each quarter, of sermons preached, num.ber bap-
tized, and money contributed during the quarter.
In this way the churches are trained in systematic,
regular, and symmetrical benevolence.
Unfortunately we have not a record of all the
churches that have been aided by the Board, but
even if the data were at hand, it would require
too much space to publish all the names. The
following list of well-known towns will give some
idea of the important contribution the work of
State Missions has made to our denominational
84 Christian Statesmanship
life. The Board has planted or aided, churches
in Murphy, Waynesville, Asheville, Marion, Hick-
ory, J^ewton, Lenoir, Lincolnton, Morganton,
Statesville, Salisbury, Charlotte, Concord, Lexing-
ton, Thomasville, High Point, Greensboro, Win-
ston-Salem, Mt. Airy, Leaksville, Reidsville, Bur-
lington, Durham, Monroe, Wadesboro, Rocking-
ham, Hamlet, Southern Pines, Sanford, Raleigh,
Oxford, Henderson, Wake Forest, Warrenton,
Weldon, Louisburg, Laurinburg, Maxton, Lum-
berton, Hope Mills, Fayetteville, Smithfield,
Selma, Wilmington, Goldsboro, Rocky Mount,
Wilson, Washington, Tarboro, Plymouth, Green-
ville, Kinston, ISTew Bern, Morehead City, Beau-
fort, Elizabeth City, Manteo. Literally "from
Murphy to Manteo" the Board has covered the
In many of these places there are from two to
six churches which have been planted by the
Board. These points were not selected from any
tabulated list, but were jotted down from mem-
ory. Many of the smaller towns are not included,
and no country church has been named. The
Board has established more churches in the coun-
try than in towns, but the above named places are
given because they are well known throughout the
Some Concrete Examples.
We may get a more definite idea of the results
of State Mission work by citing some concrete
examples. Here are four important points, taken
Some Results of State Mission Work 85
from the three sections of the State, West, Cen-
ter and East.
(a) Asheville, in the West. The First Church,
Asheville, was organized by Rev. Thomas Strad-
ley, in 1856. Mr. Stradley came from England^
to this country. Asheville was at that time a small
village. The church was organized with eight
members. In course of time the State Board ex-
tended a little aid to the church. The mem-
bership of the old mother church has grown from
8 to 1,386. Three other churches have been
organized, whose total membership reaches a
thousand. The Calvary Church, with 207 mem-
bers, has never been aided by the Board; but
West End and French Broad Avenue churches are
now receiving aid.
(h) Central Section; Charlotte and Greens-
boro. The First Church, Charlotte, was organ-
ized in 1855 with Eev. R. B. Jones as pastor. An
appropriation of $400 was made by the Board to-
ward the support of Mr. Jones. Charlotte now has
^Ye churches, with a total membership of 2,250.
All the churches in Charlotte were planted by
The First Church, Greensboro, was organized
in 1859 by Dr. John Mitchell, missionary of the
Board. Fifteen members went into the organi-
zation. Greensboro, with its immediate suburbs,
now has eight churches with a total membership
86 Christian Statesmanship
(c) East: Eochy Mount. The First Churcli,
Rocky Mount, was organized in 1881, with eight
members. There are now four churches in Rocky
Mount, all established by the Board of Missions,
with a total membership of 877.
The total value of church property in these
four towns is $362,250, and the total of contribu-
tions last year was $12,367.03, or one-fourth as
much as was given by the Baptists of the whole
State for State Mission work in 1913.
State Missions a Financial Asset.
At least two-thirds of the money that comes
into our treasury is contributed by churches that
were planted and fostered by the Mission Board.
State Mission work is like an endowment fund.
There is no institution in the land but could use
profitably, for immediate needs, part, or all, of
its endowment ; but it would be suicidal to pursue
such a policy. From the endowment a perpetual
stream flows into the treasury, and as the institu-
tion grows and a greater income is needed, instead
of taking the invested fund, or any part of it, to
meet the pressing needs, a movement is put on
foot to increase the endowment. Every church
planted by the State Board of Missions, becomes a
contributor to every department of our work. A
layman, who is a fine business man,. and who has
given much thought, time and money to State
Missions, said recently, that the average church,
as soon as it becomes self-sustaining, is worth, at
Some Results of State Mission Work 87
least an endowment of $1,000 to the denomination,
and this endowment is added to from year to year
as the church grows stronger. The total amount
contributed in 1913 to Missions, Orphanage, Ed-
ucation, Ministerial Relief, and Educational In-
stitutions was $255,586. Two-thirds of that
amount Avould be $170,390, or an average of $170
per church for the thousand churches that were
beneficiaries of the Board. At six per cent $170
is interest on nearly $3,000. That is every
church planted by the Board since it began work,
is worth $3,000 in the way of endowment and the
total amount represented by the thousand
churches would reach $3,000,000.
Endowment Paid Back.
It requires considerable outlay to collect en-
dowment, and when collected the corpus, or prin-
cipal, cannot be used, but must be invested, and
the interest, only, applied to current expenses.
'Not so with State Mission funds. For several
years past the mission churches have paid back
into the denominational treasury each year more
than the amount appropriated to State Missions.
We use the principal as we go on, and, at the same
time, create an endowment whose dividends will
increase with each passing year.
In the above financial exhibit, amounts paid
for church building on mission fields, is not in-
cluded. In 1913 the mission churches raised
for church building purposes $46,051.17. This
88 Christian Statesinanship
was more than four-fiftlis of the entire amount
raised and appropriated to State Mission work
that year. If we leave out of the calculation
amounts paid on pastors' salaries, and count only
money paid for church building, and contribu-
tions to the objects of the Convention, we will
find that the mission fields paid back to the de-
nomination last year every dollar given to them
and 20 per cent for the use of the money.
Chukch Building Fund.
In 1910 the Woman's Auxiliary Convention,
at the request of the State Board of Missions,
agreed that $5,000 of the amount they contributed
to State Missions should go to aid mission points
in building houses of worship. During the next
four years appropriations were made from
this fund to forty-six houses of worship. These
houses are scattered over the State from Jackson
and Haywood counties in the West down to Hyde
County in the East. The Sunbeams began the
work of church building by giving $500 to the
church at Asheboro, and adding another gift later
of $250. They have aided in building two houses
of worship, and in purchasing two more.
The Young Woman's Auxiliary have contribu-
ted to the building of two houses of worship and
a parsonage in Hyde County, and also in repair-
ing the only church building that was in the
county when they began the work there. To aid
in building these forty-six houses, the sum of $21,-
Some Results of State Mission Work 89
475 was appropriated. The aggregate value of
these churches is something over $150,000. Ap-
propriations were made to fifteen churches in
1914. These are not included in the forty-six
churches mentioned above.
A Dozen Yeaes.
Lest some may think that we are dealing
altogether with ancient history, let us con-
sider some of the results that were achieved
during the dozen years from 1903 to 1914.
During the twelve years there were organ-
ized on our mission fields 150 churches, and
the missionaries report over 20,000 baptisms. Two
hundred and twenty houses of worship were built
at a cost of over $250,000. l^early a hundred
churches have become self-sustaining. Here are
twenty-five selected almost at random from various
sections of the State: East Henderson, Brevard,
Andrews, Marion, Second Shelby, Pritchard Me-
morial (Charlotte), First Concord, East Gastonia,
Spencer, Thomasville, Green Street (High Point),
Forest Avenue (Greensboro), Brown Memorial,
(Winston), Mocksville, West Durham, Smithfield,
Selma, First Rocky Mount, Washington, Laurin-
burg, Tabernacle (IvTew Bern), Brooklyn (Wil-
mington). The churches in the above list con-
tributed to the objects of the Convention in 1913
$11,609.25, which was more than a fifth of the
entire amount raised for State Missions during
90 Christian Statesmanship
Contributions of Men.
Many of our most useful men, in this State
and in other States, were led to Christ by the mis-
sionaries of our Board. Among the number are
preachers, teachers, lawyers, business men, and
noble women not a few. The list includes our
Orphanage manager, three seminary professors,
several teachers in colleges and high schools, a
goodly number of missionaries, both men and wom-
en, at home and on the foreign field. The very effi-
cient Corresponding Secretary of the Woman's
Missionary Union was baptized by a missionary
of our Board, into the membership of a little mis-
sion church in the eastern part of the State. In
that same section a business man, after he had
reached middle life, was baptized by a missionary.
Soon after joining the church he became inter-
ested in the Orphanage at Thomasville and erected
a house at that place. At his death it was found
that he had bequeathed $100,000 to the Orphan-
age, and made liberal bequests to other denomina-
We have been considering things that are tangi-
ble, but much, of necessity, was omitted for lack
of sufficient data. Let us turn briefly to the con-
sideration of some spiritual, and, therefore invis-
ible, but far more important, results of State Mis-
It has been shovm that seventy thousand, or
Some Results of State Mission Work 91
more, persons have been led to Christ, and bap-
tized into the fellowship of our churches by mis-
sionaries of the Board. Christ left unanswered,
the question, "What shall it profit a man if he
gain the whole world and lose his own soul, or
what will a man give in exchange for his soul?''
With these solemn words of our Lord ringing in
our ears, we see how utterly futile it would be to
try to compute the work of State Missions in
terms of dollars and cents. High and holy aspi-
rations have been kindled in the hearts of many
under the preaching of the missionaries, and not
a few have heard and heeded the call to enter the
ministry. Many a community has been trans-
formed by the influence of a mission church, and
the preaching of a missionary. Children who
were running wild have been brought into the
mission Sunday School and hundreds of them
have given their hearts to Jesus. These are a
few of the results that cannot be put down in cold
type, but they are kept by the Recording Angel,
"ready to be revealed in the last time."
1. When did the Board begin to present tabu-
lated reports of the work of the missionaries?
2. Since then how many baptisms have been
3. How many churches organized?
4. How many houses of worship completed?
5. If accurate reports had been kept from the
92 Christian Statesmanship
beginning, how many baptisms and bow many
churches organized would these reports likely
6. J^ame the six associations which lead the
State in per capita contributions.
7. In which association is found our greatest
8. In what year did the Tar Kiver divide?
9. What number of churches and church mem-
bers went into the new organization ?
10. How many churches and church members
did the Roanoke report in 1913?
11. What were the contributions to the objects
of the Convention in 1913?
12. Since its organization in 1907 what per
cent of increase did the Roanoke make in mem-
bership? In contributions?
13. What association stands next to the Roa-
noke in point of destitution ?
14. Can you tell something of its progress dur-
ing the last six years?
15. I^ame four associations in the central part
of the State.
16. For what is the section of the State cov-
ered by these associations noted?
17. Can you give some statement as to the
work done by the State Board in this territory?
18. What is said about the number of churches,
number of members and amount contributed in
these four associations?
Some Results of State Mission Work 93
19. How does State Missions make churches
20. Can you name some of the important towns
in which the Board has planted churches?
21. Can you show how State Missions is a fi-
22. Give some account of the Church Building
23. What are some of the remarkable achieve-
ments of State Mission work during the past
24. Can you say something in regard to the
contribution of men?
25. What are some of the invisible results?
THE TASK BEFORE US
There are very few, if any, wlio will deny ttiat
there was a great field for State Mission work
when the Convention was organized, and all the
years since; but one is found occasionally who
asks if the State Board has not accomplished all
for which it was brought into being. In other
words, is not North Carolina so well evangelized,
that further outlay on mission work in this State,
is unnecessary? Those who hold this view con-
tend that with a total membership of over 400,000
when our total population is only a little over
2,000,000 ; or with a white Baptist membership of
250,000 in a white population of 1,500,511, there
can be but little destitution, so far as Baptists are
Two things must be said in this connection:
One is that while we have 250,000 white Baptists
in the State, they are not equally distributed. In
the West our numerical strength is very great,
while in the East, we are few in number. In the
West development is the chief need, while in the
East it is evangelization. The other thing to be
considered is the fact that ISTorth Carolina is not
standing still, it is going forward rapidly. If
everything was fixed and finished, and no change
was to be expected in the State, with some show
of reason we might argue that there is no further
The Task Before Us 95
need for the work of State Missions. Our State
is making rapid development and everything
seems to indicate that, in material progress, ^Hhe
best is yet to be."
Grov^th of Population.
In 1900 the total population was 1,893,810.
The last census gave us 2,206,287. To place the
present population at 2,350,000, would be a con-
servative estimate. It is altogether reasonable
to suppose that the next decade will show a much
larger percentage of growth than the last. There
is a congestion of population in the old world,
and over a million a year are coming to this coun-
try. Many sections of our country are becom-
ing densely populated, and the newcomers will
naturally turn to the more sparsely settled states,
to find homes. As yet, we have abundant room
in North Carolina, there being only forty-five peo-
ple to the square mile. 'Ng'w Jersey, with one-
seventh of our area, has 300,000 more people
than I^orth Carolina. If the population of this
State was as dense as that of ISTew Jersey, we
would have 15,000,000 people, or one-sixth as
many as the population of the United States.
The Panama Canal, which, as some one has
said, "divides a continent, but unites a world," is
open to commerce. This gateway of the seas
will turn a stream of immigration to the South,
and Korth Carolina may prepare for her full
ahare. A glance at the progress we have made
96 Christian Statesmanship
during the last decade, will indicate some of the
attractions offered by our State to the home-seek-
ers from the Old World.
As 85 per cent of our people live in the coun-
try, agriculture is, and for a long time is destined
to be, our chief occupation.
The total value of farm products in 1900 was
$53,214,000; and in 1913, $200,533,640, an in-
crease of $147,319,640, or 275 per cent. We are
not confining our agricultural operations to a few
crops, but are diversifying, which is a great advan-
tage, and makes the farmers much more independ-
ent. The value of farm property, including land
and buildings, in 1900 was $233,834,693, and in
1910, $537,716,210; per cent of increase, 130.
Our agricultural possibilities are beyond the
dreams of the most optimistic. There are in the
State 31,193,600 acres of land. Of this land
22,439,129 acres are available for agricultural
purposes, and are divided up into 253,725 farms.
Of the available farm land only 8,813,056 acres
are improved, leaving 13,266,076 (60 per cent) un-
improved. If this unimproved land is brought into
requisition, and made as productive as the land
now being cultivated, we can more than double
our rural population. Then if the whole is made
twice as productive as it now is, and this can eaa-
ily be done when intensive methods of cultivation
prevail all over the State, we can double our num-
The Task Before Us 97
bers again, or quadruple our present rural popu-
lation, which is 1,830,000. Four times that num-
ber would be 7,320,000. This is what we must
prepare for in planning our State Mission work.
In 1900 the manufactured products of the State
were worth $85,274,083, while the latest available
figures, which were published in 1904, show that
the value of the manufactured products had in-
creased to $142,520,776, a gain of 69 per cent in
We are but in the beginning of our manufac-
turing industry in JNTorth Carolina. We have a
great variety of wood for our wood-working facto-
ries, and the cotton mills are standing hard by the
fields white with the raw material. Within the
last few years we have begun to develop cheap
and satisfactory power for turning the wheels of
In the Manufacturers' Record of a few weeks
ago there appeared a very informing article,
written from Charlotte, [N^orth Carolina, on "Hy-
Yery few of those who live in this highly fa-
vored section, have any conception of the magni-
tude of this development, or of what it means to
the industrial life of the region through which the
lines pass. Here is a sentence from this luminous
article which gives, in a nutshell, the sections of
98 Christian Statesmanship
the South that are to be transformed in the very
near future by the use of electricity :
"Cheap and always available water-power has
come to the South with almost the suddenness of
a spring freshet, and at this moment all the Appa-
lachian region between the northern border of
North Carolina and Southern Georgia, from East-
ern Carolina to l^Tashville, and between Bristol
and Birmingham on the western side of the moun-
tains, is connected up with a network of trans-
mission lines that practically gives to every part
of the territory the benefit of the entire available
power of every big development made in the
Trajstsforming the Piedmont.
By a sort of interlocking system, the power of
one plant is available for another. "Where trans-
mission lines of one company end those of another
begin, so that by arrangement of meters and
switching apparatus a mutual exchange of power
is obtained throughout a territory greater than
In an air-line the service covers a territory 550
miles long, and from 100 to 250 miles wide.
"Half a dozen lines are so connected up that all
this territory is mutually served, presenting a sit-
uation unparalleled in the world. JSTowhere else is
it possible to secure anything approaching such
an interchange of electric energy, and nowhere
else is there found such a situation as in the phe-
nomenally watered Appalachian range." This
The Task Before Us 99
extensive development of hydro-electric power
lias been in progress only since 1906.
IN^ORTH Carolina at the Heart of Things.
lN"ortli Carolina is tlie center of this activity
and JSTorth Carolina men — the Dukes, of Durham
— were the pioneers in this marvelous develop-
ment. Beginning in 1906, the company has cov-
ered the Piedmont section of the Carolinas, mov-
ing the wheels of factories, furnishing the power
for railways — city and inter-urban — and flood-
ing all this section with light, giving to it the
appearance of a great city illuminated for some
festive occasion. From Tallulah Falls, Georgia,
to Raleigh, l^orth Carolina, a distance of 380
miles, the wires of this company reach. Count-
ing all the side-lines the total is 1,600 miles. The
company has 98,000 horsepower developed at
four stations and is putting in a 30,000 horse-
power plant at Statesville, IsTorth Carolina. The
Southern ties on to the Yadkin River Power Com-
pany lines near Raleigh. This company which,
with the Carolina Light and Power Company, cov-
ers a large section of Eastern l^orth Carolina, has
a water-power development of 24,000 horsepower
at Blewetts Falls, J^orth Carolina.
A line of railway has been begun which is to
reach from Greenwood, South Carolina, to Dur-
ham, l^orth Carolina, a distance of 320 miles.
Two hundred miles of this road will run through
ITorth Carolina, and it is being rapidly pushed to
100 Christian Statesmanship
completion. Remember all this has been accom-
plished since 1906. Who is bold enough to proph-
esy what the future will be ?
Up to this time the total amount of hydro-
electric power developed in the South reaches
500,000 horsepower, and these plants can be en-
larged to run the total up to 874,900 ; this covers
seven states, and 325,300 horsepower, — more than
one-third of the whole — is right here in JN^orth
The above figures prove, beyond all question,
that we are in the dawn of an industrial day the
like of which was never known in the South, and
ISTorth Carolina stands at the head of the column.
The material development of the State has been
considered at length, because it has a very distinct
bearing upon the religious life of the common-
wealth. The weekly story of progress in the
Manufacturers' Record, is a mighty plea for State
Missions, for whether this marvelous prosperity is
to be a blessing will depend altogether upon the
direction given to it. If we consecrate our wealth
to the Giver of it all, it will become a great bless-
ing; but if in our quest for mammon we fail to
secure "the gold tried in the fire," it were better
that we remain in poverty. It is of first impor-
tance, therefore, that we consider carefully our re-
ligious condition, and do our utmost to improve it.
The Task Before Us 101
Our greatest destitution is in the East. There
are twenty counties in the East, covered almost
wholly, by the Roanoke and JSTeuse-Atlantic Asso-
ciations. The population of these twenty counties
in 1900 was 355,547, and in 1910, 399,511. If
the same ratio of increase has been maintained, we
have in these twenty counties now, 425,095, of
whom 194,987 are white and 166,144 are colored.
In discussing the religious condition of the
State we shall deal with the white race only, as
our colored brethren are doing their own mission
work and, all things considered, doing it remark-
ably well. As all our effort is directed to work
among the white people, the only accurate method
of determining our progress, or lack of progress,
is to consider the white race apart from our col-
If we take the State as a whole, one white per-
son in every six is a Baptist ; while in the twenty
counties we are considering in the East, only one
white person out of every thirty-eight is a Baptist.
That is, so far as Baptists are concerned, the desti-
tution in the twenty eastern counties is more than
six times as great as it is in the State at large.
Kor is this deplorable condition confined to the
Baptists alone, in many parts of this section the
religious destitution is great. Many of the pro-
gressive citizens of the East belong to no
church at all. One of our missionaries in that
102 Christian Statesmanship
section says that often lialf his congregation are
not professing Christians. While there are more
than a score of different denominations at work,
each with its following, the masses of the people
are not Christians and not church members.
If any one is discouraged about the work in the
East, and feels that the denomination is receiving
but meagre returns for the outlay it is making, he
is advised to see the progress made by the Roa-
noke and JSTeuse- Atlantic Associations, as set forth
in the preceding chapter.
Other Portions of the State.
In the Piedmont section the mission churches
seem to have caught the spirit of progress which
is doing so much for the material development of
that highly favored region. This is the supreme
hour, the golden opportunity, for planting our
cause in that rich and rapidly developing territory.
In the West we have the numbers, and they hold
tenaciously to the Truth, as we Baptists interpret
it. The mountain region is filled with strong,
sturdy people, who have not been drawn into the
current of commercialism. They live and love
the simple life. But things are changing; and in
a short time there will be a great industrial awak-
ening in the West. It will be necessary to keep
the religious life of that section abreast of the
progress in material things.
The Task Before Us 103
The State as a Whole.
Only 40 per cent of our people are Christians,
leaving 60 per cent unevangelized. It is true that
many of these are children, who have not yet
reached the years of responsibility; but are we
to take no account of these children ? Every year
thousands of them are crossing the line of account-
ability, and we should throw around them all the
Christian influence possible, in order to bring
them into the Kingdom. But leaving the children
out, nearly half of the adult population are not
According to the last census report in seven
states in the Union Roman Catholics made a
greater percentage of gain than Protestants, and
North Carolina is one of these seven states. There
are only four states in which the percentage of
gain in church membership was not as great as
the percentage of increase in population. These
four states are Utah, 'New Mexico, Florida and
IN'orth Carolina. During the last two decades the
gain in population was 36.6 per cent, while the
gain in church membership was 28 per cent. The
white Baptists of the State gained 50 per cent
while the gain made by all the others was 20 per
cent. The religious census was taken in 1890 and
1906, covering a period of sixteen years. For
this reason the past two decades are taken.
The diagram below will indicate the religious
condition of the State. The solid black shows the
non-Christian and the white, the Christian popu-
104 Christian Statesmanship
lation. The checked space may serve to show
what the white Baptists of I^orth Carolina did
in preventing further encroachment upon the white
Had the Baptists gained no greater per cent
than the others, the solid black would have cov-
ered the checked space, and the white would have
been reduced by that much. This greater gain on
the part of the Baptists is due, chiefly, to their ag-
gressive State Mission policy.
Our agricultural progress in the State, is the
result of intensive cultivation. On land that pro-
duced a half-bale of cotton per acre ten years ago,
The Task Before Us 105
we are now raising from a bale, to two bales per
acre, while we produce from twenty-five to a hun-
dred and fifty bushels of corn per acre.
In our State Mission work we have reached the
time for intensive cultivation. There were seven
towns in the State, according to the last census,
that had over 10,000 population. These were
Charlotte 34,014, Wilmington 25,748, Kaleigh, 19,-
218, Asheville 18,762, Durham 18,241, Winstou
17,167, and Greensboro 15,895.
In 1880 Wilmington was the only town in the
State with a population of 10,000, and Raleigh
and Wilmington were the only places with more
than one Baptist Church, except in two small
towns, in each of which unfortunate local condi-
tions led to the organization of a second church.
Asheville, Greensboro, Durham and Winston were
little towns with populations ranging from 2,000
The rapid growth of many towns, has made it
necessary for the Board to go back to them and
plant new churches. There are now forty-one
towns with from two to six churches each, and all
these churches, with few exceptions, were planted
by the State Board of Missions. The construc-
tion of railroads and the building of industrial
plants of various kinds, is opening up new terri-
tory which our Board must occupy.
The intensive system of farming is more expen-
sive than the old method, as it requires much more
fertilizer, but the greater cost is more than offset
by the increased yield. So while we are expend-
ing more money in State Mission work, and will
be compelled to enlarge our appropriations still
more, as we cultivate more intensively, it should
not be forgotten that State Missions is our invested
capital, and the increased contributions from the
mission churches, will more than repay us for the
A glance at this diagram is sufficient to impress
any one with the fearful responsibility of the Bap-
tists and Methodists (especially the Baptists) for
the future of our State religiously, and for the re-
ligious future of the world, so far as this State
has to do with it.
The challenge to the Christian people of !N"orth
The Task Before Us 107
Carolina, is the task of keeping tlie religious prog-
ress of the State abreast of our material develop-
ment. To meet this challenge successfully will
require heroic effort on our part. There is in it
both inspiration and warning. Inspiration be-
cause of the unprecedented opportunity to lay our
commonwealth at the feet of the Redeemer; warn-
ing because of the unspeakable disaster that will
certainly follow if we should fail. Our greatest
peril is our prosperity. We must gird ourselves
for the mighty conflict.
1. What two things are stated as making State
Mission work still necessary in E^orth Carolina ?
2. What is the present population of the State?
3. How does the density of the population of
JSTorth Carolina compare with that of 'New
4. Can you tell something of the agricultural
development of the State?
5. When was the development of hydro-electric
6. How do the several electric power companies
aid each other?
7. What territory is covered by these coopera-
8. When was the development of this power be-
9. As to present and possible development of
power, where does ITorth Carolina stand in the
list of seven states?
108 Christian Statesmanship
10. What do these figures show?
11. What about religious conditions in the
12. How does the East compare with the State
as a whole?
13. What are the needs in other sections of the
14. What about the State as a whole?
15. What is said about intensive cultivation?
16. How many and what cities in the State
have a population of over 10,000 ?
17. Which was the only town in the State thirty
years ago with a population of 10,000 ?
18. How many, and which, towns in the State
thirty years ago had as many as two Baptist
19. How many towns in the State now have
from two to six Baptist churches?
20. How many of these churches were planted
by the Board?
21. What is the challenge to the Christian peo-
ple of the State?
22. Why does this challenge come with peculiar
force to the Baptists of the State?
OUR MISSION WHEEL*
"Ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem and
all Judea, and in Samaria and to the uttermost parts of
the earth. "—Acts 1:8.
This is a pictorial age, and much that we learn
comes to us through the eye. Events of interest
are so fully and accurately illustrated, that you
can get a pretty fair idea of the story without
reading a word, simply by looking at the pictures.
* This chapter is the substance of an address delivered by the author
at several associations in 1913. It is published here because a large
majority of those who will read this little book did not hear the
address, to which much thought was given in the hope that some
might be led to see more clearly the relation that the different depart-
ments of our mission work sustain to each other.
110 Christian Statesmanship
The daily papers carry pictures of persons and
places about whom and which the public, for any
special reason, is interested.
The picture of a wheel is here presented to
illustrate the several departments of mission
work, and the relation of each to the others.
The wheel revolves around the spindle, which
passes through the center of the hub. The spin-
dle represents the local church, around which all
our mission work revolves. There is no other
denomination which puts the emphasis on the
local church so strongly as the Baptists do. We
have no series of ecclesiastical courts or councils,
reaching from the local church up to the South-
ern Baptist Convention. The local church is the
unit of organization. It transacts its own affairs,
and from its decisions there is no appeal. Each
Baptist church is a little republic, responsible
alone to Christ, its only recognized authority. Our
terminology teaches this doctrine. We speak of
the Baptist denomination but not of the Baptist
Church. It is to be feared, however, that some
of our people are forgetting the language of Zion,
for it is not strange nowadays to read in Baptist
papers and hear from Baptist pulpits, our de-
nomination referred to as "The Baptist Church."
Dr. Broadus was accustomed to warn his students
against the use of that expression on the ground
that it is inconsistent with the independence of
Our Mission Wheel 111
the local churcli, a principle for wliich Baptists
have always stood.
In the hub of the wheel we have an illustra-
tion of State Missions. In the construction of a
wheel, the wheelwright always begins with the
hub. One would as well try to build a house by
beginning with the roof, as to attempt the con-
struction of a wheel by beginning with the rim
So in the program of missions laid out by our
Lord, Jerusalem, the local church, and Judea, the
State, are the beginning points. In the circular
letter sent out to the churches just after the or-
ganization of the Convention, this paragraph is
found: ^^A wish has prevailed to some extent,
and it is believed to be neither an unreasonable
or uncharitable one, to see Baptist churches in
many places where they are not now; and to see
all under the superintendence of a faithful and
successful ministry. * * * From this state-
ment it is manifest that, although the object is
of a strictly missionary nature, yet it differs from
missions in general in this, that it is literally a
home concern; it is a State enterprise, in which
the welfare and reputation of the State are in-
volved, and in which many individuals are per-
sonally and deeply interested." It must not be
supposed, however, that these fathers were narrow
in their conceptions, or restricted in their plans.
112 Christian Statesmanship
The following clause from the constitution of the
Convention, shows that such was not the case :
"The primary object of this Convention shall be
the education of young men called of God to the
ministry, the employment of missionaries within
the limits of the State, and cooperation with the
Baptist General Convention of the United States,
in the promotion of missions in general." In
this article they committed themselves to the
policy of promoting the interests of missions
abroad as well as at home.
Here are some figures which indicate something
of the growth of our denomination. In 1830,
when the Convention was organized there were
14 associations, 272 churches and 15,360 mem-
bers, white and colored. There are now 64 asso-
ciations, 2,058 churches, and 246,208 white Bap-
tists. The number of white and colored Baptists
is something over 400,000. This marvelous
growth is to be attributed chiefly to State Mis-
sions, for that was the beginning of organized,
aggressive mission work in the State. The policy
of the fathers has been completely vindicated, as
to its wisdom. If it seemed, at the time, a policy
of provincialism, the outcome and influence of it
have been world-wide.
There is more of the denominational spirit,
more of Baptist consciousness, if you please, in
State Missions, than in any other department of
our work. State Missions has much to do with
shaping the denominational policy of any State.
Our Mission Wheel 113
In State Missions every part of the State is in-
terested. All our mission interests center in State
Missions and radiate from it. The work of State
Missions appeals to our patriotism, and as Dr.
Gambrell says, "the right sort of patriotism is
the very next thing to religion itself; indeed it
is the function of Christianity to create and grow
the proper patriotism in any land where it is
The hub is nearer the spindle than any other
part of the wheel. Indeed the hub is in direct
touch with the spindle. So State Missions comes
closer to the churches than any other department
of mission work.
Rev. J. F. Love, D.D., Home Secretary of the
Foreign Mission Board, said, some time ago, that
the pastor is the key man in our mission work, be-
cause he is the leader of the local church, and the
local church is the most vital and important point
of contact. ISText to the pastor stands the State
Secretary, because he is closer to the pastor and
the local church, than any other of our general
representatives. The State Board and the State
Secretary stand next to the pastors and the
churches and between these and the general
boards and their secretaries. The State Board is
the creature of the churches, in a closer and more
real sense, than the Home and Foreign Boards;
and the work of State Missions is more directly
under the control of the churches than is the
work of Home and Foreign Missions. The Cor-
114 Christian Statesmanship
responding Secretary of the Convention is elected
by the Convention, and is amenable directly to
the Convention. Recently, in a conversation
with the author, Rev. J. B. Gambrell, D.D., said:
^'So long as we keep close to the people we are on
safe ground : but should we begin to drift from the
local churches perils will beset us on every side.
We will get wrong notions of Baptist polity, and
our institutions will become lax in their doctrinal
views, just in proportion as the local churches and
these institutions drift apart." Some are of the
opinion that it would be well worth while to main-
tain our State Boards of Missions, if for no other
purpose than to knit together our churches and
our general denominational enterprises and in-
In the spokes of the wheel we find a good rep-
resentation of Home Missions. The spokes bridge
the distance between the hub and the rim. If the
hub were solid clear out to the rim, it would
make the wheel heavy and cumbersome. But the
space between the spokes causes the wheel to be
much lighter and more easily handled.
The State Board covers a smaller area than
that covered by the Home Board, but it is more
thoroughly and intensively cultivated. In several
states there is destitution with which the State
Boards are not able to cope. The Board of no
single State, however, would feel under obliga-
tion to do this work. The Home Board is doing
Our Mission Wheel 115
evangelistic work in Panama and Cuba, and
among the IvTegroes and Indians of the South. It
is also aiding the Mountain Schools. ISTo State
Board could do this work directly, but it can do
it indirectly, through the Home Board. As the
spokes fit into the hub, so the work of Home Mis-
sions fits into that which is being done by the
several State Boards.
As the rim describes the largest circle, and is
most distant from the hub, it fitly represents
Foreign Missions, the ^^uttermost part'' in the pro-
gram. Foreign Missions is the far away part of
our mission enterprise, the outer rim of the wheel.
There is, however, a very vital relation between
the hub and the rim, between State Missions and
Foreign Missions. Through the work of State
Missions churches are planted, which grow to be
self-sustaining, and become liberal contributors to
When Kev. R. T. Bryan, D.D., was canvassing
for the Judson Memorial Fund, he visited, on his
first trip. Mount Airy, Winston, G-reensboro and
High Point. The response given to his appeal by
the churches in these four towns, convinced him
that the Judson Memorial Movement would suc-
ceed. They contributed $15,000 to this fund.
Every church in each of these places was planted
by the State Board of Missions. This should re-
move from the minds of any one who entertains it,
116 Christian Statesmanship
the false notion that the work of State Missions is
narrow and provincial. The spokes are fixed in
the hub, and the rim rests on the spokes. When
a dollar is thrown into the State Mission treasury
its influence encircles the world.
The tire, and the iron bands around the hub,
can appropriately stand for the authority of Jesus
Christ. These hold the wheel together. A loose
tiro means a wrecked wheel. The sand gets be-
tween the tire and felloes and cuts into the wood.
The tire is not injured, but the felloes are. If
the bands on the hub become loose and are allowed
to remain in that condition they fall off after
awhile, and the wheel "caves in."
Around all this mission work, binding it to-
gether, should be the authority of Jesus Christ.
Recognition of his authority will call forth from
us loyalty to Him and His word. The tire on a
wheel is much harder to keep tight than the bands
on a hub. This is true because the circumferance
is so much larger, and the wheel, being made up
of several parts, is more complex than the hub.
So it is easier to hold the State to the authority
of Christ than it is the whole South. We have
come upon a day when we need to put tremendous
emphasis upon the doctrine of loyalty to Christ.
Some one has well said that "we need to re-key
the world to the authority of Christ."
*For this important suggestion the author acknowledges his indebt-
edness to Rev. J. M. Frost, D.D.
Our Mission Wheel 117
It Takes All Parts to Make a Wheel.
As it takes all parts to make a wheel, so all
departments of our work are necessary to a com-
plete symmetrical whole. This is no arbitrary
division, worked out by some mission enthusiast,
but is the divine program, instituted by our Lord
himself. Each part is dependent upon the others.
It would be well if we could always consider our
mission work as a whole. It is all one work, and
any man who is sincerely and earnestly giving
his life to the fostering of any department of our
mission work, is helping on the Kingdom. We
have the division into departments only as a mat-
ter of convenience, and any man who is not deeply
interested in the other departments, as well as the
one for which he is directly responsible, shows
himself to be unfit for the position he holds.
Should Be Peoper Proportion".
In order that a wheel may render its best ser-
vice it must be so constructed that each part will
bear the proper proportion to the other parts. A
wheel with the spokes and rim sufficiently large
for a log cart, but with the hub of a buggy wheel,
would be of little service; and of equally little
service would be a wheel with a hub sufficiently
large for a cart, while the spokes and rim were
small enough for a buggy. So there should be
symmetry in our mission work. The parts should
be kept in the right proportion. Lopsidedness will
ultimately result in collapse. State Mission
Secretaries are sometimes considered provincial in
their interests and sympatliies, because they press,
with all the energy and earnestness of their na-
tures, the work of State Missions. This is a great
mistake. There is not a State Secretary in the
South who does not possess a world vision.
We hear much about the reflex influence of
Foreign Missions on State Missions, but we must
not foget the direct influence of State Missions on
Foreign Missions and every other department of
our work. So far as the finances of the Kingdom
are concerned. State Missions has the primacy. It
is our base of supplies, our invested capital.
The statement was made in the first chapter
that the mission awakening just at the close of the
eighteenth century was due to the going out of
William Carey as a Foreign Missionary; but it
was also stated that before the churches at home
could be brought to support Foreign Missions, it
was necessary to do some aggressive State Mission
work in order to form an adequate base of sup-
plies. We have here the reflex influence of For-
eign Missions and the direct influence of State
He mistakes the whole purpose of State Mission
work who thinks that it means the building up of
the cause in one State, and only that. It does
mean that, but infinitely more. In supporting the
work of State Missions in l^orth Carolina, we are
reaching the foreign fields by way of N'orth Caro-
lina, and at the same time, we are bringing a great
blessing to our own. beloved State.
Our Mission Wheel 119
A Closing Woed.
In doing mission work, State, Home and For-
eign, there are two things we should ever keep in
1. It should all be done for the glory of God.
It is necessary to have means for carrying on our
mission work. All the Boards are forced to bor-
row money to pay the missionaries their salaries.
Appeals are often made for contributions in order
that the Boards may be able to meet their obliga-
tions to the banks, or that the missionaries and
their families may be clothed and fed. These are
strong appeals, but they do not present the high-
est motive for giving money to missions. The
danger is that we shall have as our chief concern
in contributing to missions, the saving of our de-
nominational credit, or providing for the temporal
wants of our missionaries, when the true motive
should be the glory of God in the salvation of
souls and the advancement of His Kingdom. The
chief motive in contributing to missions then, is
not to pay debts, but to enthrone Jesus Christ in
the hearts of men, and to hasten the coming of
the day when He shall be crowned Lord of all.
2. The other important thing to be kept in
mind is the supreme fact that we can have
no success in this great work without the blessing
of God, and His blessing can only be secured by
earnest prayer. In this materialistic age when,
in the minds of men, money has come to be almost
omnipotent, we must not forget that there is a
120 Christian Statesmanship
spiritual side to this God-given enterprise, and
that money can only be used successfully when it
has upon it the blessing of God. The Lord has
linked together, in the great missionary enter-
prise, human impotence and divine omnipotence.
"All authority is given unto me, .... go ye ....
and lo, I am with you." The Lord commended
Cornelius for having the right conception of his
relation to God and to the money which God had
given him. God said to him : "Cornelius, thy
prayer is heard, and thine alms are had in remem-
brance in the sight of God." While we should
give a great deal more money than we are giving,
our prayers must go up with our gifts, before we
can expect the blessing of God upon our efforts,
and without His blessing we are foredoomed to
In his latest book Dr. McAfee says : "It is the
business of homiletics not to damn money, but to
keep that same money from damning people, and
to make it an instrument of salvation."
From every pulpit within the borders of our
State the doctrine of stewardship should be ear-
nestly preached: "Ye cannot serve God and
mammon" was never more appropriate, as a text
anywhere, or at any time, than it is in ITorth
Carolina at this time.
If we use the prosperity with which God is
so richly blessing us, in promoting the interests
of His Kingdom, we shall invest it where it will
be eternally safe.
Our Mission Wheel 121
1. How many departments of mission work
2. J^ame them.
3. What simple illustration is used in this chap-
ter to show the relation that each department
sustains to the others?
4. What part of the wheel represents State
5. In what respects is State Missions like the
6. What do the spokes represent? Why?
7. What is represented by the rim? Why?
8. What may the tire be used to represent?
9. What does it take to make a complete wheel?
10. What is necessary to make a serviceable
11. How does this apply to mission work?
12. What are the two things that we should
ever keep in mind about our mission work?
APPEAL TO PATRIOTISM
The preceding chapters have had to do with
State Missions as it relates to the religious wel-
fare of the State. The emphasis was placed on
the religious because of its paramount impor-
Christian Statesmanship is the highest kind of
statesmanship, and if it dealt only with religious
matters that would be true. "Happy is that peo-
ple whose God is the Lord." That is true if ap-
plied to the people of a state as well as of a na-
tion. Christianity appeals to the highest and
best in men, and leads to spiritual prosperity
which, after all, is the only real and lasting pros-
perity. For that reason, all that has gone before,
in this little book, has borne upon the religious
aspect of the case, and the task of State Missions
was said to consist in keeping the religious prog-
ress of the State abreast of its material develop-
While all that is true, it is also true that a
healthy spiritual condition promotes the moral,
social and material prosperity of any community.
The challenge to keep the spiritual up to the ma-
terial, does not mean at all that the material is to
be checked. On the contrary, as has been stated,
and as will be proven by concrete examples, the
Appeal to Patriotism 123
material interests are greatly stimulated by the
spiritual or religious influences that exist in any
It may be well, therefore, to close this book with
a short chapter setting forth some of the advan-
tages that a state derives in a material way, from
the work of State Missions. Indeed, along any
line that Christian influence moves, in any chan-
nel through which it operates, it makes its power
felt upon the state, and makes its contribution un-
selfishly, without any financial support from the
state. This is according to God's eternal decree :
"Righteousness exalteth a nation." Righteous-
ness exalts a state as well as a nation.
In this practical age facts count for more than
theory. For that reason a few examples will be
given in proof of the proposition just made. These
concrete examples will be taken from different
sections of our own State, and can be verified by
those who live in the several sections referred to.
Law and Order.
The work of State Missions promotes law and
order. At the Mitchell County (now Roan Moun-
tain) Association which was held in the town of
Bakersville some years ago, Judge Jeter C.
Pritchard was present and delivered an address.
In the course of his remarks he paid a very high
tribute to the churches and preachers as aids in
enforcing law by causing the citizens of any com-
munity to respect the law. He said the churches
124 Christian Statesmanship
in any community were wortli more as promoters
of peace and in preventing infractions of the law
tlian all tlie judges, lawyers, courthouses, jails,
and chain-gangs in the country. He said further :
"If it were not for the influence of the preachers
and the churches, all courts in the State, both
State and Federal, might run every day in the
year, Sunday included, and they could not keep
up with the crime." This is not the language of
a preacher, but of a lawyer who speaks judicially,
and is accustomed to weigh his words. If this
statement be true, (and no one will likely deny
it), it will be readily seen what a great service
Christianity is rendering the State, without
money and without price.
It follows that, as State Missions is the agency
through which we plant churches in communities
where there are none, in the work of State Mis-
sions we are aiding the State in the important
matter of law enforcement. There is this very
marked and important difference, however: the
fear of the law may deter the criminal from the
commission of crime, while the grace of God
cures the criminal so that he has no desire to com-
mit crime. The law may force obedience, while
the criminal at heart is a criminal still, and only
abstains from the violation of law through fear of
punishment. Christianity, on the other hand,
leads one who was once a criminal to render cheer-
ful obedience to the law, by creating within him
a new heart.
Appeal to Patriotism 125
Some time ago tlie author was sitting beside a
preacher on a railway train, as it was pulling into
a western town. The preacher pointed to a sec-
tion in which there was every mark of thrift. He
said when he was pastor in the town the commu-
nity to which he had pointed, was a disreputable
section. He rented a hall and prepared to open
a mission Sunday School. He sent a force of his
workers on Sunday afternoon to organize the
school and begin work. A mob of lawless charac-
ters surrounded the house and kept up so much
noise that the church people were forced to re-
tire. The next Sunday afternoon the preacher
went with his workers. The mob was on hand,
but they met a situation upon v/hich they had not
counted. The preacher made a short talk in which
he told those who had gathered to break up the
meeting, that they were there to begin a work for
the good of the community. He said he hoped
there would be no attempt to disturb the meeting,
but warned those present that if such an attempt
should be made, he would call on the police force
to arrest and punish the disturbers of the worship.
All was quiet after that. The school grew, and
the interest deepened. The preacher preached
once a month in the afternoon, and in a few
months held a meeting which lasted two weeks.
The Spirit of God came down upon the commu-
nity and scores professed religion. The commu-
nity was so completely transformed that it be-
126 Christian Statesmanship
came a very desirable residential section. The at-
mosphere was so changed that those who were
not willing to give up their lives of sin moved out
to some more congenial clime. Thus by the
preaching of the Gospel at a mission point a
plague spot was removed from the city.
An Eastern Community.
Some have heard this story, but they will
pardon its introduction here, as an appropriate
illustration of the transforming power of God's
grace. This incident was related to the writer
by a former Corresponding Secretary.
About fifteen years ago a missionary of the
Board was sent to a community in the East, in
which there was no church of any denomination,
and no preaching of any kind. The preacher be-
gan to enquire as to a suitable place in which to
hold public worship. The owner of a whiskey
still, in a bantering way, offered his premises as a
central and convenient place. To his surprise the
preacher accepted his invitation, and announced
that he would preach there at eleven o'clock the
following Sunday. The people came from far
and near prompted for the most part, no doubt,
by the novelty of the situation. The missionary
spent a good part of Saturday night in prayer.
He preached with unusual unction, and the con-
gregation was moved mightily by the spirit of
God. An invitation was given for any to come
forward who desired an interest in the preacher's
Appeal to Patriotism 127
prayers. A large number responded. The
preacher asked the owner of the still for permis-
sion to continue the meeting through the following
week, and reluctant consent was given.
Before the meeting closed many professed re-
ligion, among whom was the distiller. A church
was organized, the still was destroyed, and a neat
little church was erected upon its ruins. The
former distiller is an active member of his church
and a faithful attendant upon the sessions of his
association. The den of vice gave place to a tem-
ple for the worship of God, and that State Mis-
sionary was the instrument for bringing about
the moral renovation of that community.
Material Prosperity Advanced.
In the central portion of the State there is a
community (well known to the author, as one of
the churches on his first field was in that com-
munity) which is a striking demonstration of the
value of State Mission work in the material devel-
opment of any section. This story was told by
one who had lived in that neighborhood in the
days of lawlessness, and who had seen it trans-
formed by the power of the Gospel. There are
many other living witnesses.
There was not a church or a Sunday School
within six miles. The people, as a rule, were law-
less, and spent the Sabbath in racing horses,
drinking whiskey and playing cards. One of the
oldest citizens of the community said that if the
128 Christian Statesmanship
number of men known to have been killed in that
community could have been gathered at the same
time, a dead body might have been placed by ev-
ery mile-stone between that neighborhood and the
little town twenty miles away to which the publie
road led. Land brought, when it could be sold
at all, from five to ten dollars per acre.
A few citizens from a neighboring county, at-
tracted by the cheap land, bought farms and set-
tled upon them. These good people had been ac-
customed to attend church and Sunday School
They were not willing to rear children under
conditions that then existed. They built a brush
arbor in the spring time, and passed the word
throughout the community that on the next Sun-
day they would organize a Sunday School to
which all were invited. A surprising interest was
shown in the Sunday School from the very start.-
The Board was asked to send them a preacher,
and the pastor of the church six miles away was
appointed by the Board to preach one Sunday
afternoon in each month. This missionary was a
practical business man, as well as an excellent
preacher, and led them in building a neat house of
worship. The Methodist brethren soon opened a
mission and built a house of worship not quite a
mile from the Baptist church. Those two mis-
sion churches transformed that community from
a state of lawlessness to one of the most law-
abiding sections of the State. The township in
which these churches stand voted out whiskey
Appeal to Patriotism 129
long before prohibition became a State law. A
few years ago that township was producing more
cotton per acre than any township in the State,
and land is now bringing a hundred dollars per
And so we find in State Missions, an appeal
to patriotism. A man who is not religious even,
if he is a good citizen and is concerned about the
moral, social and material development of his
state, should be interested in State Missions.
ISTo good citizen wants to live in a community
where there is not a church and a school. Even if
he is not a Christian himself, he knows how much
these two institutions (especially the church) are
worth, and that no community is a fit place to
rear children in which there is no church or
We cannot know, until the accounts are all in,
how much State Missions has had to do with
bringing to our State prohibition, and other moral
reforms in which all good citizens rejoice.
There are sections of our beloved State in which
moral standards are deplorably low, and social
conditions well nigh intolerable. In those sec-
tions very little material progress is being made,
and the people are not alive to the importance of
education. What these communities need more
than anything else, is the Gospel of Jesus Christ,
faithfully and earnestly preached. The planting
of a mission church in a community where there
is no church, means more for that neighborhood
5 J J J J
materially than a cotton factory, or any other
0. the many-sided Gospel of Jesus Christ our
Lord ! This is what this whole world needs, and
to give it to every community is a work in which
every Christian citizen should take part, for this
is Christian Statesmanship. •
1. What is the task of State Missions, as set
forth in the preceding chapters?
2. Of what does this chapter treat?
3. What effect has State Missions upon law-
4. What does a distinguished judge give as his
5. Give two examples of moral uplift.
6. Give an example in which material prosper-
ity as well as moral reform followed State Mis-
North Carolma State Librar;/
GC 266.6 J67c 1915
Christian statesmanship /
3 3091 00066 4615
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